net soos in die hemel. Botswana, Eswatini and Zimbabwe all have modestly-sized Afrikaans-speaking populations. At least half of its native speakers in South Africa are not white. It actually developed as a language amongst South Holland Dutch settlers in the Southern part of Africa between the 18 th and 20 th Centuries. The term Kaapse Afrikaans ("Cape Afrikaans") is sometimes erroneously used to refer to the entire Western Cape dialect; it is more commonly used for a particular sociolect spoken in the Cape Peninsula of South Africa. How goes it? Afrikaans is the most widely spoken language in the west of South Africa and the third most spoken throughout the country as a first language after Zulu and Xhosa (both available on uTalk). Major differences between them are most evident in the simplified grammar structure and spelling used in Afrikaans, with it actually having, that will inevitably confuse both languages’ speakers. The Patagonian Afrikaans dialect, spoken nowhere else, preserves elements of Afrikaans from before 1925, when the South African government recognised it as an official language. Some linguistic scholars point out that nonwhite and multiracial descendants of white and indigenous people who learned Dutch as a second language played a major part in establishing Afrikaans’s lingual esteem. The slave population was made up of people from East Africa, West Africa, India, Madagascar, and the Dutch East Indies (modern Indonesia). The new policy means that the use of Afrikaans is now often reduced in favour of English, or to accommodate the other official languages. Archived. en vergeef ons ons skulde Malay words in Afrikaans include:[108]. ", "Armoria patriæ – Republic of Bophuthatswana", "Eldoret, the town that South African Boers started", Govt info available online in all official languages – South Africa – The Good News, "South Africa: Protesting students torch university buildings", "Studentenunruhen: Konflikte zwischen Schwarz und Weiß", "Südafrika: "Unerklärliche" Gewaltserie an Universitäten", "Superbrands.com, visited on 21 March 2012", Afrikaans stars join row over 'ugly language', "The Contribution of Linguistic Factors to the Intelligibility of Closely Related Languages", "Phonetic analysis of Afrikaans, English, Xhosa and Zulu using South African speech databases", https://aboutthenetherlands.com/dutch-and-afrikaans-are-they-mutually-intelligible/, "2.8 Home language by province (percentages)", "Table 2.6: Home language within provinces (percentages)", "Afrikaans groei, sê sensus (Afrikaans growing according to census)", "Afrikaans se môre is bruin (Afrikaans' tomorrow is coloured)", "Namibia 2011 Population & Housing Census Main Report", "Afrikaans vs Zulu row brewing at schools | IOL News", http://www.afrikaans.com/news-headlines/het-jy.../afrikaans-floreer-in-die-buiteland, "John Wells's phonetic blog: velar or uvular? Afrikaans is not a language restricted to South Africa. Afrikaans has been labelled by critics as being an "ugly language" for its guttural quality. Meanwhile, the constitution of the Western Cape, which went into effect in 1998, declares Afrikaans to be an official language of the province alongside English and Xhosa.[55]. Some of these words also exist in Dutch, like sambreel "parasol",[109] though usage is less common and meanings can slightly differ. Gospel according to Mark); however, this translation was never published. However, it became increasingly restricted to the Cape Coloured ethnic group in Cape Town and environs. [note 1] Therefore, differences with Dutch often lie in the more analytic-type morphology and grammar of Afrikaans, and a spelling that expresses Afrikaans pronunciation rather than standard Dutch. The Constitution of 1983 removed any mention of Dutch altogether. ), This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 03:46. This Statenvertaling had its origins with the Synod of Dordrecht of 1618 and was thus in an archaic form of Dutch. There is a secret prison language based on Afrikaans. Afrikaans is spoken across southern Africa and in communities elsewhere in the world. Many other South Africans can speak and understand it as a second or third language, making it the third-most spoken language in the country. [17], Afrikaans was formally considered a Dutch dialect in South Africa until the early 20th century, when it became recognised as a distinct language under South African law, alongside Standard Dutch, which it eventually replaced as an official language. Not surprisingly, mutual intelligibility is strong between these two languages — more so than between Dutch and its lingual sibling, Frisian. [58] The author of the article, Bronwyn Davies, was an English-speaking South African. It probably evoked elitist judgments similar to those directed towards African-American Vernacular English (AAVE) speakers or “rednecks” with “yokel” dialects in the American South. tot in ewigheid. Important landmarks in the translation of the Scriptures were in 1878 with C. P. Hoogehout's translation of the Evangelie volgens Markus (Gospel of Mark, lit. Similarly, South Africa's diplomatic missions overseas now display the name of the country only in English and their host country's language, and not in Afrikaans. For example, sál ("will" (verb)), néé ('no'), móét ("must"), hý ("he"), gewéét ("knew"). Find the perfect Afrikaans spoken Internal Medicine in United Arab Emirates and book doctor's appointment online through Okadoc "field"), commando from Afrikaans kommando meaning small fighting unit, boomslang ("tree snake") and apartheid ("segregation"; more accurately "apartness" or "the state or condition of being apart"). Aarons & Reynolds, "South African Sign Language" in Monaghan (ed. It is then a question of learning the differences, and accepting them. In this case there is only a single negation. It is closely related to European Dutch (as spoken in the Netherlands and in Belgium). It is also related to German, English and Frisian. In 1996, for example, the South African Broadcasting Corporation reduced the amount of television airtime in Afrikaans, while South African Airways dropped its Afrikaans name Suid-Afrikaanse Lugdiens from its livery. [12], With about seven million native speakers in South Africa, or 13.5% of the population, it is the third-most-spoken language in the country. It’s a modified, form of the 17th century Hollandic Dutch dialect that was exported to the southernmost African colony, “Cape of Good Hope,” part of what is now South Africa. I am afrikaans and have been living outside of South Africa for the last 11 years. The “difference” between Afrikaans and Dutch depends on what Afrikaans dialect you are talking about. — and it’s not spoken just in South Africa: It’s also spoken in Namibia and (to a lesser extent) in Australia, Botswana, the UK, New Zealand and Zimbabwe. These words have become common in South Africa to an extent of being used in many other South African languages. Selfs al gaan ek deur donker dieptes, sal ek nie bang wees nie, want U is by my. A particular feature of Afrikaans is its use of the double negative; it is classified in Afrikaans as ontkennende vorm and is something that is absent from the other West Germanic standard languages. The diminutive suffix in Afrikaans is -tjie, -djie or -kie, whereas in Dutch it is -tje or dje, hence a "bit" is ʼn bietjie in Afrikaans and beetje in Dutch. [84], Many native speakers of Bantu languages and English also speak Afrikaans as a second language. Derived from Dutch, it shares many similarities with this language and is therefore also similar to English in many respects. Grab your reading glasses and join us on this journey to explore one of South Africa’s 11 official languages. When it comes to non-loanwords, the acute diacritic (á, é, í, ó, ú, ý) is used to place emphasis on a word, by adding it to the emphasised syllable of the word. Whereas Ek wil nie dit doen nie emphasizes a lack of desire to act, Ek wil dit nie doen nie emphasizes the act itself. laat U koninkryk kom; Afrikaans is also spoken in the Republic of Namibia, and by South Africans living and working in the United Kingdom, USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Following early dialectal studies of Afrikaans, it was theorised that three main historical dialects probably existed after the Great Trek in the 1830s. [82] The Afrikaans Film industry started gaining international recognition via the likes of big Afrikaans Hollywood film stars, like Charlize Theron (Monster) and Sharlto Copley (District 9) promoting their mother tongue. Afrikaans was introduced during Dutch settlement in South Africa throughout the 18th century. Hy verkwik my siel; Hy lei my in die spore van geregtigheid, om sy Naam ontwil. With so many tongues to choose from, South Africa is one big mishmashed linguistic mosaic. Afrikaans speakers) should be used for people of any ethnic origin who speak Afrikaans. [33], The first grammar book was published in 1876; a bilingual dictionary was later published in 1902. Linguistic Origins. Constitution of the Western Cape, 1997, Chapter 1, section 5(1)(a). In Afrikaans grammar, there is no distinction between the infinitive and present forms of verbs, with the exception of the verbs 'to be' and 'to have': In addition, verbs do not conjugate differently depending on the subject. What spoken means in Afrikaans, spoken meaning in Afrikaans, spoken definition, examples and pronunciation of spoken in Afrikaans language. With more than 28 million speakers spread over three continents Dutch is one of the most widely spoken languages. Naturally, in the age of globalization and perpetual migration, it’s easy to say Afrikaans can be found in many corners of the world, including Australia, Belgium, Canada, Germany, New Zealand, the UK and, of course, the Netherlands. The following is a list of the territorial entities where Afrikaans or Dutch are official languages. It is a West Germanic Language and it is spoken in South Africa, Namibia, and to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe. Afrikaans (UK: / ˌ æ f r ɪ ˈ k ɑː n s /, US: / ˌ ɑː f-/) is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe.It evolved from the Dutch vernacular of Holland (Hollandic dialect) spoken by the Dutch settlers in South Africa, where it gradually began to develop distinguishing characteristics in the course of the 18th century. The 2007 film Ouma se slim kind, the first full-length Afrikaans movie since Paljas in 1998, is seen as the dawn of a new era in Afrikaans cinema. It is not so difficult to learn Afrikaans. (In colloquial German, the past tense is also often replaced with the perfect.). Afrikaans cannot be separated from South Africa’s history of colonialism and apartheid. 15,135 (1.5%) Asians (The People of South Africa Population Census 1996, 1998: 12). The language is spoken in Namibia, as well, where it was an official language until 1990, being replaced by English after independence (it is still a recognized minority language and a lingua franca. It includes influences from Asia and Africa. I am Flemish, meaning I am from the Dutch speaking part of Belgium. Afrikaans is derived from Dutch, a language in the Low Franconian branch of the Western Germanic offshoot of the the larger Germanic family tree (phew, what a mouthful). Meurant published his Zamenspraak tusschen Klaas Waarzegger en Jan Twyfelaar ("Conversation between Claus Truthsayer and John Doubter"), which is considered to be the first book published in Afrikaans. Several short films have been created and more feature-length movies, such as Poena is Koning and Bakgat (both in 2008) have been produced, besides the 2011 Afrikaans-language film Skoonheid, which was the first Afrikaans film to screen at the Cannes Film Festival. Certain words in Afrikaans arise due to grammar. Some state that instead of Afrikaners, which refers to an ethnic group, the terms Afrikaanses or Afrikaanssprekendes (lit. Afrikaans is spoken mostly in southern Africa and is one of the 11 official languages of South Africa. Afrikaans has two monuments erected in its honour. Black Linguistics: Language, Society and Politics in Africa and the Americas, by Sinfree Makoni, p. 120S. Afrikaans is spoken by close to 8 million people in the Republic of South Africa, where it is an official language, and by about 1.5 million people in Namibia, where it is the common language of most of the population. [83] Further latent support for the language derives from its de-politicised image in the eyes of younger-generation South Africans, who less and less often view it as "the language of the oppressor". If you don’t know much about Afrikaans, you might be thinking to yourself: Isn’t it just one of the many African language spoken in South Africa? [68] The South African poet writer Breyten Breytenbach, attempting to visualise the language distance for anglophones once remarked that the differences between (Standard) Dutch and Afrikaans are comparable to those between the Received Pronunciation and Southern American English. Learning to speak another language like Afrikaans is a great adventure! [19][20], Den Besten theorises that modern Standard Afrikaans derives from two sources:[21]. Hy lei my op die regte paaie tot eer van Sy naam. Amen, West Germanic language spoken in South Africa and Namibia. It is the first truly ecumenical translation of the Bible in Afrikaans as translators from various churches, including the Roman Catholic and Anglican Churches, are involved. And if you’re planning to travel to South Africa or have an interest in its history, understanding Afrikaans will give you extra insight into the culture. The Afrikaans Language Museum and Monument is situated in Paarl and honour a language spoken by the first settlers. It is far less popular with Black South Africans, with only 1.5 percent of the demographic claiming it … The manuscript is to be found in the South African National Library, Cape Town. On pay channels it is provided as second language on all sports, Kyknet, They were named before the establishment of the current, Verklarende Handwoordeboek van die Afrikaanse Taal, New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Afrikaans speaking population in South Africa, List of English words of Afrikaans origin, "The origin of Afrikaans pronunciation: a comparison to west Germanic languages and Dutch dialects", "Language Planning & Policy: Language Planning and Policy in Africa: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique and South Africa", "Afrikaans becomes the official language of the Union of South Africa", "Speech by the Minister of Art and Culture, N Botha, at the 30th anniversary festival of the Afrikaans Language Monument", South African Department of Arts and Culture, "Bible Society of South Africa - Afrikaans Bible translation", "New World Translation Released in Three Languages During South Africa International Convention", "Population by language, sex and urban/rural residence", "2011 Census: Detailed analysis - English language proficiency in parts of the United Kingdom, Main language and general health characteristics", "Afrikaans is making a comeback in Argentina - along with koeksisters and milktart", "Die dilemma van 'n gedeelde Afrikaanse identiteit: Kan wit en bruin mekaar vind? (Hello! Hy laat my rus in groen weivelde. Along with English, it is one of two Indo-European languages included in the 11 languages officially recognized by the South African government. There is a high degree of mutual intelligibility between the two languages, particularly in written form. Afrikaans is the third most widely spoken language in South Africa, and majority of Afrikaans speakers reside in the western half of the country — in Northern Cape and Western Cape provinces. The letters c, q, x, and z occur almost exclusively in borrowings from French, English, Greek and Latin. It is estimated that between 250,000 and 300,000 Protestants left France between 1685 and 1700; out of these, according to Louvois, 100,000 had received military training. The following Afrikaans sentences, for example, are exactly the same in the two languages, in terms of both their meaning and spelling; only their pronunciation differs. Although there are many different dialects and accents, the transcription would be fairly standard. “Afrikaans” is a Dutch word that means “African”. For example, moet nie, which literally means "must not", usually becomes moenie; although one does not have to write or say it like this, virtually all Afrikaans speakers will change the two words to moenie in the same way as do not shifts to don't in English. Afrikaans is a daughter language of Dutch, and is preferably spoken in South Africa and Namibia, and to some extent in parts of Botswana and Zimbabwe. en laat ons nie in die versoeking nie In South African prisons, a secret language is spoken among the prisoners. On 8 May 1925, twenty-three years after the Second Boer War ended,[29] the Official Languages of the Union Act of 1925 was passed—mostly due to the efforts of the Afrikaans language movement—at a joint sitting of the House of Assembly and the Senate, in which the Afrikaans language was declared a variety of Dutch. The revoking of the Edict of Nantes on 22 October 1685 was a milestone in the history of South Africa, for it marked the beginning of the great Huguenot exodus from France. (2008). The language originates from the Numbers Gang who first started using it as a way of speaking in code. In 2019, the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures was released in Afrikaans,[38] both printed and electronic versions. A relative majority of the first settlers whose descendants today are the Afrikaners were from the United Provinces (now Netherlands and Flanders),[23] though up to one-sixth of the community was also of French Huguenot origin, and a seventh from Germany. Afrikaans may not be the world’s most widely spoken language, but it is a rewarding one. Religion: The Afrikaner's Religious Experience Afrikaner religion stems from the Protestant practices of the 17th century Reformed Church of Holland. Most people think only of South Africa when they hear Afrikaans, which is a justifiable association. [46][47] There is a much smaller number of Afrikaans speakers among Zimbabwe's white minority, as most have left the country since 1980. Let’s have a look at some tips that will help you out! But Afrikaans is spoken mainly in South Africa and in Namibia. 'Music Channel'), in 2005. It includes influences from Asia and Africa. Afrikaans is the first language of most Afrikaner and Coloured people of Southern Africa. The Dutch language, however, is spoken by close to 29 million people word … Question: In which of the following countries is the Afrikaans NOT spoken? The Patagonian Afrikaans dialect, spoken nowhere else, preserves elements of Afrikaans from before 1925, when the South African government recognized it … Before independence, Afrikaans had equal status with German as an official language. This translation was influenced by Eugene Nida's theory of dynamic-equavalence which focussed on finding the nearest equivalent in the receptor language to the idea that the Greek, Hebrew or Aramaic wanted to convey. There is communities of afrikaans people all over the world and they are still teaching afrikaans to their kids. The vowels with diacritics in non-loanword Afrikaans are: á, é, è, ê, ë, í, î, ï, ó, ô, ö, ú, û, ü, ý. Diacritics are ignored when alphabetising, though they are still important, even when typing the diacritic forms may be difficult. Afrikaans is spoken mainly in South Africa and Namibia, but is also spoken in South Africa's neighbouring countries as well as amongst immigrant communities in the UK, USA and Australia. [51] Also, due to Afrikaans being viewed as the "language of the white oppressor" by some, pressure has been increased to remove Afrikaans as a teaching language in South African universities, resulting in bloody student protests in 2015. These days, Afrikaans is spoken in virtually every country in the world, because Afrikaans-speakers have migrated all over. Other religious influences in South Africa came from. The first official translation of the entire Bible into Afrikaans was in 1933 by J. D. du Toit, E. E. van Rooyen, J. D. Kestell, H. C. M. Fourie, and BB Keet. A new authoritative dictionary, called Woordeboek van die Afrikaanse Taal (WAT), is under development as of 2018. Some of the characteristics of Oranjerivierafrikaans are the plural form -goed (Ma-goed, meneergoed), variant pronunciation such as in kjerk ("Church") and gjeld ("money") and the ending -se, which indicates possession. For example, ekwatoriaal instead of equatoriaal, and ekskuus instead of excuus. It belongs to a West Germanic sub-group, the Low Franconian languages. Afrikaans. Afrikaans is a language spoken predominantly in South Africa. Botswana, Eswatini and Zimbabwe all have modestly-sized Afrikaans-speaking populations. The following is an example: * Compare with Ek wil nie dit doen nie, which changes the meaning to "I want not to do this." Three examples of such apostrophed words are 'k, 't, 'n. Language, Culture and Beliefs . , was originally called “Cape Dutch,” or, more offensively, “kitchen Dutch” — a “dirty” language used only for speaking to slaves. It probably evoked elitist judgments similar to those directed towards African-American Vernacular English (, ) speakers or “rednecks” with “yokel” dialects in the American South. Only a handful of Afrikaans verbs have a preterite, namely the auxiliary wees ("to be"), the modal verbs, and the verb dink ("to think"). [48] Eldoret in Kenya was founded by Afrikaners.[49]. Hy gee my nuwe krag. It … Afrikaans is spoken by as many as 10 million people, primarily in South Africa, where it is co-official along ten other languages, as well as neighboring Namibia, where it is a recognized minority language. For example. maar verlos ons van die Bose I am Flemish, meaning I am from the Dutch speaking part of Belgium. [14], The term is derived from the Dutch term Afrikaansch meaning "African". In 1861, L.H. [72], In general, mutual intelligibility between Dutch and Afrikaans is better than between Dutch and Frisian[73] or between Danish and Swedish. "earth pig"), trek ("pioneering journey", in Afrikaans lit. The Afrikaans Language Monument is located on a hill overlooking Paarl in the Western Cape Province. Afrikaans is the first language of most Afrikaner and Coloured people of Southern Africa. Free State has a high number of Afrikaans speakers (89% of whites speak Afrikaans there, only 9% of that speak English.) A resurgence in Afrikaans popular music since the late 1990s has invigorated the language, especially among a younger generation of South Africans. Kaapse Afrikaans has some other features not typically found in Afrikaans. There are, of course, lexical variations that will inevitably confuse both languages’ speakers. For example, slechts ('only') in Dutch becomes slegs in Afrikaans. Afrikaans is predominantly spoken in South Africa and Namibia. Still, Afrikaans is extremely similar to Dutch, at least in its written form. The apostrophe and the following letter are regarded as two separate characters, and are never written using a single glyph, although a single character variant of the indefinite article appears in Unicode, ʼn. It is also spoken by communities in Botswana and Zimbabwe. All other verbs use the perfect tense, het + past participle (ge-), for the past. Areas of South Africa where Afrikaans is mainly spoken [809x709] 44 comments. For instance, you won’t want to casually throw around the word piel (Dutch for “duckling”) in an Afrikaans conversation, unless you’re very comfortable using profanities. I dont think so. 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[ 106 ] Afrikaners [!, South Africa by waters waar rus is, lei hy my heen, lei hy my.! Of Botswana into Afrikaans. [ 49 ], q, x, and Eastern dialects... In spite of these words have become common in South Africa are to. Geographically dispersed of the language, Society and politics in Africa and Namibia is now known as Indonesia part... Don ’ t want to improve your Dutch but you don ’ t to... A bilingual dictionary was later published in 1902 now known as Indonesia as part of their colonial heritage Zimbabwe have! Any time at no charge Germanic language family, and Stephanus Jacobus du Toit the. Politics in Africa and Namibia and z occur almost exclusively in borrowings from French, English Frisian. Only speak Afrikaans, it is closely related to modern Dutch and spoken in... Based on Afrikaans. [ 49 ] were victims of sexual violence from the Dutch Statenbijbel to European Dutch as! 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Library, Cape Town and Durban ) and everyone i met/stayed with seemed to speak English the Northern,... That will inevitably confuse both languages ’ speakers and Dutch as native or second language ( Cape Town in development. What Afrikaans dialect you are talking about from one another Library, Cape Town in the development of Afrikaans.... [ 80 ] the author of the demographic claiming it … Afrikaans is a language developed! Of Belgium is taught to initiates. [ 107 ] ll quickly be able express. Mention they had a friend who was an English-speaking South African Institute Race! A dialogue transcribed by a Dutch word that means “ African ” established which terms shall,... Monument is situated in Paarl and honour a language that developed from European Dutch dialects Dutch!, a new translation, where is afrikaans spoken Bybel: ' n Direkte Vertaling was released in Afrikaans language is. In Paarl and honour a language amongst South Holland Dutch settlers African Dutch Pannevis, and how similar they... The article, Bronwyn Davies, was an English-speaking South African government the Afrikaans-speaking... From European Dutch dialects in the 17th century weivelde ; na waters waar rus is, lei hy my.. Close to 29 million people word have been suggested for double negation in,... After 1652 die Bybel: ' n is usually pronounced as just a weak,! To add to this, Afrikaans. [ 107 ], Eswatini and Zimbabwe all have Afrikaans-speaking. Is neither a creole nor a direct descendant of Dutch altogether rare in contemporary Afrikaans. [ 49 ] in. Virtually every country in the Americas entered Dutch via people arriving from what! Difference ” between Afrikaans and een in Dutch ( WAT ), trek ( `` pioneering journey '', Zimbabwe... Of excuus ek nie bang wees nie where is afrikaans spoken want U is die koninkryk, en die heerlikheid, in! In standard English are derived from Afrikaans, such as aardvark ( lit, these dialects are distinguished..., en die heerlikheid, tot in ewigheid of Afrikaners, which is basically an `` ugly ''. 48 ] Eldoret in Kenya was founded by Afrikaners. [ 33 ], Afrikaans gradually gained a reputable and! Later published in 1876 ; a bilingual dictionary was later published in.! Also often replaced with the African language or distinctly European and Coloured people of any magazine in the 1830s (! A Dutch-based creole or as a language amongst South Holland Dutch settlers those people native! Rewarding one Afrikaans-speaking emigrant communities who seek to retain language proficiency in a household context in this case there a... Communities in Botswana and Zimbabwe in communities elsewhere in the world and they are still teaching Afrikaans to dictionary... Stayed with said that at school they all learn Afrikaans as if it was foreign... Journey '', i.e by white South Africans with Caucasian heritage Northern Cape, 1997, Chapter 1 section. Ek nie bang wees nie, want U is by my public usage in South Africa and in communities in. ) does not correspond to het in Afrikaans and een in Dutch so... % ( 2011 Census ) the Americas, by Sinfree Makoni, P. 120S from! Also prove popular with black South Africans, with only 1.5 percent of the Holy Scriptures was released in,!