William was forced to ransom himself by surrendering most of the eastern part of Morea and his newly built strongholds. Michael Palaiologos, born in 1223, was the son of Andronikos Palaiologos, megas domestikos in the Empire of Nicaea. ISBN: 0521 43991 4, Harris, Jonathan, Byzantium and the Crusades (Hambledon and London, 2003). English Wikipedia. The Emperor doted on his firstborn son, which became a great consolation for him after the untimely death of his beloved wife Anna in 1281. When Michael VIII entered the city, its population was 35,000 people, but he succeeded in increasing it to 70,000 people by the end of his reign. imported from Wikimedia project. To drive a wedge between the pope and supporters of the Latin Empire, Michael VIII decided to unify the Orthodox and Catholic Churches. 2123 - f. 30r.gif 511 × 574; 285 KB Michele Paleologo, Balduino II - Fanelli Francesco - 1695.jpg 1,420 × 700; 472 KB Michael VIII Palaiologos - National Library of Russia, gr. John Vatatzes, the emperor of Nicea, commenced legal persecution of the Jews in 1253[9]. He was acutely aware of the danger posed by the possibility that the Latin West, particularly his neighbors in Italy (Charles I of Sicily, Pope Martin IV, and the Venetians) would unite against him and attempt the restoration of Latin rule in Constantinople. Michael VIII Palaiologos (1261–1282) Andronikos II Palaiologos (1282–1328) Andronikos III Palaiologos (1328–1341) Anna Palaiologina (1341–1347) John VIII Palaiologos (1425–1448) Navigation. 1 reference. Michael VIII entered the city on 15 August and had himself crowned together with his infant son Andronikos II Palaiologos. Theodore's persecutions were most notable in their expropriations of Jewish property, but tended to avoid persecution for its own sake[10]. In 1253, Michael VIII Palaiologos married Theodora Doukaina Vatatzina, a grandniece of John III Doukas Vatatzes, Emperor of Nicaea. Andronikos was acclaimed co-emperor in 1261, after his father Michael VIII recovered Constantinople from the Latin Empire, but he was not crowned until 1272. 1 reference. A tenuous union between the Greek and Latin church was signed at the Second Council of Lyons in 1274. Although these measures began only a year before Vatatzes’ death, they seemed to have set a precedent of persecution which his son, Theodore II Lascaris, followed[8]. Michael VIII relied on an alliance with Genoa against Venice and the Latin states of the Aegean Sea, but in the end made treaties with both Genoa and Venice, seeking to maintain a balance of power advantageous to the Empire. Michael also married two of his own daughters (conceived through a mistress, a Diplovatatzina) to Mongol kings: Euphrosyne Palaiologina, who married Nogai Khan of the Golden Horde, and Maria Palaiologina, who married Abaqa Khan of Ilkhanid Persia. Even with our imperfect knowledge of Byzantine genealogy, no less than eleven emperors may be traced among his ancestors. In reconstituting the Byzantine Empire Michael VIII restored the old administration without endeavoring to correct its failures. Michael VIII Palaiologos - St Catherine's, Sinai, MS Sinait. When Michael VIII entered the city, its population was 35,000 people, but he succeeded in increasing it to 70,000 people by the end of his reign. Theodora Angelina Palaiologina, Andronikos Doukas Komnenos Palaiologos, Andronikos Palaiologos, Andronikos II Palaiologos, Eudokia Palaiologina, Maria Palaiologina, Irene Palaiologina, Empress of Bulgaria. In 1275, Michael VIII sent a fleet of 73 ships to harass the Latin states in Greece. It was in this environment of persecution that the Palaiologi rose to the imperial throne. PALAIOLOGOS was born on month day 1404, at birth place, to Manuél II. Michael VIII Palaeologus, Nicaean emperor (1259–61) and then Byzantine emperor (1261–82), who in 1261 restored the Byzantine Empire to the Greeks after 57 years of Latin occupation and who founded the Palaeologan dynasty, the last and … In matrimonium duxit Theodoram Ducaenam Batatzaenam et ex ea genuit: Frangiski Palaiologos married Nicolaos Giorgos Pantazis and had 5 children. Resources Publications Digital Projects Online Collections Highlights from … At the same time, however, he made it clear to the Jews that he expected them to show their appreciation for his assistance.[10]. It appears that much of it was rewritten by an editor at a later date and the timeline the works provide is somewhat questionable, having Thomas's wife Catherine give birth to one of their children at the age of 65. A scion of several Genealogy for Mikhael VIII Palaiologos (c.1223 - c.1282) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Patriarch Arsenios excommunicated Michael VIII, and the ban was not removed until six years later (1268) on the appointment of new patriarch Joseph I. John V Palaiologos. Μιχαῆλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος Emperor of Nicaea and Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Painting of Michael VIII Michael VIII Palaiologos largely ended persecution of the Jews. Michael VIII Palaiologos. Michael was invested with the titles of megas doux and, in November 1258, of despotēs. Michael VI attempted to negotiate with the rebels through the famous courtier Michael Psellos, offering to adopt Isaac as his son and to grant him the title of kaisar , but his proposals were publicly rejected. He was born with his full name, Andronikos Doukas Angelos Komnenos Palaiologos and was the son of Michael IX Palaiologos and Rita of Armenia.During his younger years, he was proclaimed co … Andronikos II was born Andronikos Doukas Angelos Komnenos Palaiologos (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος Δούκας Ἄγγελος Κομνηνός Παλαιολόγος) at Nicaea. Additionally, he oversaw an empire which was strongly dependent on foreign powers, and had an immense need for gold to fund its great military expenses. Theodora passed away on month day 1303, at age 63 at death place. However, during the course of these secret negotiations, a riot in … George V WINDSOR (King) of ENGLAND(1865-1936) Edward VII of SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA (King) of ENGLAND(1841-1910) Victoria of HANOVER (Queen) of ENGLAND(1819-1901) (grand daughter of George III.) Johannes VIII was die oudste seun van Manuel II Palaiologos en Helena Dragas, dogter van die Serwiese heerser Konstantyn Dragas.Hy was voor 1416 medekeiser saam met sy pa en het in 1425 die alleenheerser geword. He also signed a treaty in 1263 with the Egyptian Mamluk sultan Baibars, and the Mongol Khan of Kipchak.[2]. A few days after the death of Emperor Theodore II Doukas Laskaris in 1258, Michael Palaiologos instigated a coup against the influential bureaucrat George Mouzalon, becoming joint guardian for the eight-year old Emperor John IV Doukas Laskaris together with the patriarch Arsenios. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. He also signed a treaty in 1263 with the Egyptian Mamluk sultan Baibars, and the Mongol Khan of Kipchak.[1]. Eirene married Ioannes (Johannes) Komnenos Angelos Kantakuzenos circa 1239, at age 21 at marriage place. 1 Nikephoros Palaiologos 1.1 Early years 1.2 "Protector of Planets" 1.3 Party leader 1.4 Minister of economy and Great Crisis 1.5 Imperial Government criminal record Nikephoros Palaiologos is former high-ranked official and politican in the Galactic Roman Imperium and currently serve as chancellor of Emperor Michael VIII and member of Inner Council in Michael Empire-in-Exile. ...gos, Eudokia Palaelogos, Duke Manuel of Palaelogos, Duke Konstantinos of Palaelogos, Anna of Palaelogos, Eudokia Palaelogos, Duke Theodor... Dec 11 1282 - Pachomion, Lysimachia, Thrace, Andronikos Komnenos Palaiologos, Theodora Angelina Palaiologina, Maria Palaiologina, Irene Palaiologina, Constantine Palaiologos, Anna Komnene Palaiologina, Irene Palaiologina, Constantine Palaiologos, Andronikos II Palaiologos, Governor Andronikos Doukas Komnenos of Thessalonika Palaiologos, Theodora Palaiologina, Theodora Doukaina Komnene Palaiologina Batatzina, Theodora Angelina Palaiologina, Andronikos Doukas Komnenos Palaiologos, Andronikos Palaiologos, Andronikos II Palaiologos, Eudokia Palaiologina, Maria Palaiologina, Irene Palaiologina, Empress of Bulgaria, Michael Viii Dukas Komnenos Emperor of Byzantium Palaelogos, Emperor Michael of Nicaea and Byzantium, Viii Palaiologos, Death of Mikhael VIII Palaiologos at Constantinople. He was one of the noblest men among the Byzantine aristocracy, and might have succeeded to the throne in regular fashion if the Fourth Crusade had not been diverted to Constantinople in 1203. With the help of Pope Urban IV Michael VIII concluded peace with his former enemies in 1263 and 1264, respectively. Manuél was born on June 27 1350, in Constantinople. In 1265, Mongols and Balkan Bulgars invaded Thrace, a province of the empire. It is not surprising, therefore, that he turned to the Jews and other minorities (most notably the Armenians) as a source of support in an embattled state of affairs, and when the ethnic majority and the mainstream elite had grown unfriendly toward him[12]. John Vatatzes, the emperor of Nicea, commenced legal persecution of the Jews in 1253[8]. Michael VIII entered the city on 15 August and had himself crowned together with his infant son Andronikos II Palaiologos. 1 reference. Konstantinos XI. In 1275, Michael VIII sent an army against Thessaly and fleet of 73 ships to harass the Latin states in Greece. Michael Palaiologos, born in 1223, was the son of Andronikos Palaiologos, megas domestikos in the Empire of Nicaea. Thus Michael’s first act toward the Jews [%E2%80%A6] was the revocation of John Vatatzes’s order of forced baptism. His young… The couple were the progenitors of the Imperial dynasty. Because the name could lend whoever bore it prestige (as well as possible monetary support), many refugees fabricated closer links to the imperial dynasty and … but even then, he put up a heroic last stand and almost won. Thomas PALAIOLOGOS was born in month 1409, at birth place, to Manuél II. Thomas PALAIOLOGOS, 1409 - 1465 Thomas PALAIOLOGOS 1409 1465. Michael’s unorthodox ascent to the throne earned him many enemies. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. Michael also married two of his own daughters (conceived through a mistress, a Diplovatatzina) to Mongol kings: Euphrosyne Palaiologina, who married Nogai Khan of the Golden Horde, and Maria Palaiologina, who married Abaqa Khan of Ilkhanid Persia. To drive a wedge between the pope and supporters of the Latin Empire, Michael VIII decided to unify the Orthodox and Catholic Churches. In 1259 Michael VIII had defeated the alliance of William II Villehardouin, Prince of Achaea, and Michael II Komnenos Doukas of Epirus at the Battle of Pelagonia. Also, during his reign there was a temporary naval revival in which the Byzantine navy consisted of 80 ships. The Despotate of the Morea was created out of territory seized from the Frankish Principality of Achaea.This had been organized from former Byzantine territory after the Fourth Crusade (1204). Michael VIII Palaeologus, Nicaean emperor (1259–61) and then Byzantine emperor (1261–82), who in 1261 restored the Byzantine Empire to the Greeks after 57 years of Latin occupation and who founded the Palaeologan dynasty, the last and longest-lived of the empire’s ruling houses. Theodore I, Marquess of Palaiologos, marchese del Monferrato was born in 1290, at birth place, to Andronikos II Palaiologos and Irene of Palaiologos … Death of Michael VIII, Byzantine Emperor at Constant... "император Михаил VIII Палеолог", "Μιχαῆλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος", "Michael VIII Palaiologos", "Palaeologus", "MICHAÉL VIII Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos", император /василевс/ на ромеите (1259-1261), BYZANTINE EMPEROR, Bysantin keisari 1261-1282. Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor was born on month day 1348, at birth place, to John V Palaiologos and Helena Palaiologos (born Kantakouzene Cantacucena). He was one of the noblest men among the Byzantine aristocracy, and might have succeeded to the throne in regular fashion if the Fourth Crusade had not been diverted to Constantinople in 1203. At the same time the unionist controversy helped drive Byzantium's Orthodox neighbors Bulgaria and Serbia into the camp of Michael VIII's opponents. Thomas PALAIOLOGOS, 1409 - 1465 Thomas PALAIOLOGOS 1409 1465 Thomas PALAIOLOGOS was born in month 1409, at birth place , to Manuél II. 137 relations. In 1259, the Principality's ruler William II Villehardouin lost the Battle of Pelagonia against the Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII Palaeologus.William was forced to ransom himself … They had 4 children: Andronikos II Palaiologos and 3 other children. As a rare manifestation of truly "Byzantine" diplomacy, Michael VIII secretly incited the Sicilian Vespers, a rebellion against Charles of Anjou in Palermo, and the invasion of the Sicily by the Catalans of King Peter III of Aragon. ISBN: 1 85532 347 8, Nicol, Donald. Constantine Xi Palaiologos 1405-1453 was the final emperor of the Byzantine Empire. PALAIOLOGOS and Jelena / Helena PALAIOLOGINE (born DRAGAŠ). He was the eldest surviving son of Michael VIII Palaiologos and Theodora Palaiologina, grandniece of John III Doukas Vatatzes. This policy led to the gradual collapse of the frontier, which was infiltrated by Turkish bands even before the death of Michael VIII in Pachomios village, Thrace in December 1282. He is … Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. Anna Komnene Анна Палеолог Angelos, Princess of Byzantine Empire (born Palaiologina) was born circa 1260, at birth place, to Michael VIII. Michael VIII PALAIOLOGOS was born in the year 1223 in Nicaea, Bithynia, Turkey, son of Andronikos Komnenos PALAIOLOGOS and Theodora Angelina PALAIOLOGINA., they had 4 children. In 1259, the Principality's ruler William II Villehardouin lost the Battle of Pelagonia against the Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII Palaeologus. Career. Additionally, he oversaw an empire which was strongly dependent on foreign powers, and had an immense need for gold to fund its great military expenses. This is a family tree of all the Eastern Roman Emperors who ruled in Constantinople. A few days after the death of Emperor Theodore II Doukas Laskaris in 1258, Michael Palaiologos instigated a coup against the influential bureaucrat George Mouzalon, becoming joint guardian for the eight-year old Emperor John IV Doukas Laskaris together with the patriarch Arsenios. 19 of 100 individuals View all. Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor was born on month day 1348, at birth place, to John V Palaiologos and Helena Palaiologos … Geni World Family Tree; FamilySearch Family Tree; View all records MyHeritage Family Trees. [6] Maria Komnene (b. Geni World Family Tree; FamilySearch Family Tree; U.S. Public Records Index; View all records MyHeritage Family Trees. Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos was born on 17 MAY 905 TO ABT-11-905 in Constantinople, Turkey (Byzantium), son of Leo VI 'The Wise' Byzantine Emperor Byzantine Emperor and Zoë Karbonopsina. Michael barely escaped without fighting the Mongols. On 1 January 1259 Michael VIII Palaiologos was proclaimed co-emperor at Nymphaion with the help of the Republic of Genoa. Andronikos III Palaiologos was born 25 March 1297 and died 15 June 1341, his latinized name is Andronicus III Palaeologus who was Byzantine Emperor from 1328 until his death in 1341. Palaiologos (řecky Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1224 Malá Asie–11. Lisateave Michael VIII. The surrendered territory became the nucleus of the Despotate of Morea. Michael Paleologus 848 Michael Paleologus, died Circa 848. John Kantakouzenos, pansebastos sebastos (1110–1176) 5. ...os, Constantine Palaiologos, Irene Palaiologina, Anna Palaiologina, Eudokia Palaiologina, Theodore Palaiologos, Eufrozina Paleolog, Maria... Byzantium, (Constantinople), Istanbul, Turkey, (Constantinople), Byzantium, Istanbul, Turkey, Of, Constantinople, Constantinople, Turkey, The Byzantine Empire - Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίων, Basileia Rhōmaiōn, Andronic Dukas Commenos Paleologos, Grand Domesticus of the Empire, Constantine Angelos Palaiologos, Sebastokrator, Michael Viii , Byzantine Emperor Palaiologus, Michael Viii Dukas Komnenos Emperor of Byzantium Palaelogos, Emperor Michael of Nicaea and Byzantium, Viii Palaiologos, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_VIII_Palaiologos, Birth of Andronicus II, byzantine emperor. “The Jews in the Byzantine Empire under the First Palaeologi.” Speculum, 22(1947): 75-77. Maria (renamed Eirene), who married Emperor Michael Asen IV of Bulgaria. Manuel II PALAIOLOGOS (1391-1425 A.D.) Wilhelm Baum Univeristät Graz, Austria.Manuel II(1391-1425) was the second-to-last emperor of the East-Roman (Byzantine) Empire.He was a member of the house of the Palaiologoi, whose founder Michael VIII in 1261 had driven the Crusaders from the imperial capital, which they had conquered in 1204. Alexios' father declined the throne on … Bowman writes the following: Michael VIII summoned the Jewish leaders in his realm and invited them to support him as emperor. English Wikipedia. In 1259 Michael VIII defeated the alliance of William II Villehardouin, Prince of Achaea, and Michael II Komnenos Doukas of Epirus at the Battle of Pelagonia. For a while the diplomatic intent of the union worked out in the West, but in the end Pope Martin IV, an ally of Charles of Anjou, excommunicated Michael VIII. [6] In 1282, Nogai Khan provided Michael VIII with 4,000 Mongols whom he sent against Thessaly. He was born with his full name, Andronikos Doukas Angelos Komnenos Palaiologos and was the son of Michael IX Palaiologos and Rita of Armenia.During his younger years, he was proclaimed co-emperor before 1313 … He was born at noon on Easter Sunday (17 April) of 1277, which was recognized by the people as a miracle. In reconstituting the Byzantine Empire Michael VIII restored the old administration without endeavouring to correct its failures. Where three dates are given, the middle date is the date of accession. ...gos, Eudokia Palaelogos, Duke Manuel of Palaelogos, Duke Konstantinos of Palaelogos, Anna of Palaelogos, Eudokia Palaelogos, Duke Theodor... Dec 11 1282 - Pachomion, Lysimachia, Thrace, Andronikos Komnenos Palaiologos, Theodora Angelina Palaiologina, Maria Palaiologina, Irene Palaiologina, Constantine Palaiologos, Anna Komnene Palaiologina, Irene Palaiologina, Constantine Palaiologos, Andronikos II Palaiologos, Governor Andronikos Doukas Komnenos of Thessalonika Palaiologos, Theodora Palaiologina, Theodora Doukaina Komnene Palaiologina Batatzina, Theodora Angelina Palaiologina,Andronikos Palaiologos, Constantine Palaiologos, Irena Eulogia Paleologina, John Palaiologos, Παλαιολογίνα Ζαχαρία, Μαρία Παλαιολογίνα Ταρχανειώτισσα. John was born on June 18 1332, in Didymoticho, Bysantinska Imperiet. Michael Palaiologos, despotes. Michael was born in 1224, in Constantinople, Byzantine Empire, Turkey. Michael VIII was forced to drain the treasury to pay the enormous bribe of 60,000 gold coins to King Peter III. Michael VIII's concession was met with determined opposition at home, and prisons filled with many opponents to the union. Sole emperor from 1282, Andronikos II immediately repudiated his father's unp… Imperial eagle in Mystras. The Jews of Byzantium 1204-1453 (University of Alabama Press, 1985). By the terms of the treaties, William II was obliged to cede Mystras, Monemvasia and Maina in the Morea to the Byzantines. PALAIOLOGOS and Jelena / Helena PALAIOLOGINE (born … In 1263, the emperor sent 15,000 men (which included 5,000 Seljuk mercenaries) to conquer Achaia, then a mixed imperial and Genoese fleet of 48 ships was defeated by a smaller Venetian force at the Battle of Spetsai. William was forced to ransom himself by surrendering most of the eastern part of Morea and his newly built strongholds. A later Byzantine emperor, John VI … [5] In 1282, Nogai Khan provided Michael VIII with 4,000 Mongols whom he sent against Thessaly. "Dragasés" PALAIOLOGOS, 1404 - 1453 Konstantinos XI. Theodora married Michael VIII Palaiologos. Maria married Abagha de Perse. ISBN: 1 85285 298 4, Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, Oxford University Press, 1991, Vannier, J-F. Les premiers Paléologues (Etudes prosopographiques), 1989. This threat did not materialise in a significant way during Michael VIII's reign, and the emperor tried to take advantage of a civil war in Bulgaria in the late 1270s but the Byzantine armies suffered several major defeats at the hands of the peasant Emperor Ivaylo. [3] This halved the kingdom of Charles of Anjou, who was forced to spend the remainder of his life unsuccessfully trying to reassert his control over Sicily. Patriarch Arsenios excommunicated Michael VIII, and the ban was not removed until six years later (1268) on the appointment of new patriarch Joseph I. A member of the extended imperial family, Alexios came to throne after deposing, blinding, and imprisoning his younger brother Isaac II Angelos. Resources Publications Digital Projects Online Collections Highlights from … Husband of Théodora Palaiologos. After rendering John IV ineligible for the throne, Michael VIII quickly married off John's sisters to foreigners, so their descendants could not threaten his own children's claim to the imperial succession. When Michael VIII entered the city, its population was 35,000 people, but he succeeded in increasing it to 70,000 people by the end of his reign. In December John IV, who had been left behind at Nicaea, was blinded and relegated to a monastery. On his entrance in Constantinople, Michael VIII Palaiologos abolished all Latin customs and reinstated most Byzantine ceremonies and institutions as they had existed before the Fourth Crusade, repopulating the capital and restoring damaged churches, monasteries, and public buildings. The Palaiologan dynasty he established ruled the Byzantine Empire for almost two centuries, longer than any other in Roman history. Michael VIII Palaeologus (Graece Μιχαὴλ Παλαιολόγος; natus anno circiter 1223; mortuus die 11 Decembris 1282) fuit magnus dux et postea imperator Byzantinus, primus imperator domus Palaeologorum.Fuit filius Andronici Ducae Comneni Palaeologi quem e Theodora Angelina Palaeologina genuit. A later Byzantine emperor, John VI … Irene Komnene: 22. Through the preceding century or so of Palaiologan marriages to other imperial families, his ancestry could be traced back to the three most recent dynasties that had ruled the empire before the Fourth Crusade (Doukas, Komnenos and Angelos). The army was crushingly defeated at the Battle of Neopatras, but the fleet won a similarly comprehensive victory at the Battle of Demetrias. Geni requires JavaScript! Coin of Michael VIII Paleologus, depicting the Virgin Mary rising over the walls of Constantinople, in commemoration of the capture of the city over the Latins. Privately Isaac showed himself more open to negotiation, and he was promised the status of co-emperor. Bowman, Steven. In recovering Constantinople and investing in the defense of his European provinces, Michael VIII began to denude the Anatolian frontier of its troops and was forced to lower their pay or cancel their tax exemptions. At the same time, however, he made it clear to the Jews that he expected them to show their appreciation for his assistance.[11]. Michael VIII Palaiologos: | | | Michael VIII Palaiologos| |Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος| ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. Maria passed away in 1308, at age 52. Born 1406/7, died 1409/10 of the plague. Patriarch Arsenios excommunicated Michael VIII, and the ban was not removed until six years later (1268) on the appointment of new patriarch Joseph I. Michael IX Palaiologos was acclaimed co-emperor in 1281 and was crowned in 1294 or 1295. Thus Michael’s first act toward the Jews [%E2%80%A6] was the revocation of John Vatatzes’s order of forced baptism. Andronikos Doukas (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος Δούκας), Latinized as Andronicus Ducas, was the third son of Byzantine emperor Constantine X Doukas (r. 1059–1067) and younger brother of Byzantine emperor Michael VII Doukas (r. 1071–1078). Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos) (1223 – December 11, 1282) reigned as Byzantine emperor 1259–1282. On January 1, 1259 Michael VIII Palaiologos was proclaimed co-emperor at Nymphaion with the help of the Republic of Genoa. Ioannes was born circa 1212, in Constantinople, Istanbul, Turkey. [4] He signed a treaty that year with the Mongol Khan Berke of the Kipchak (the Golden Horde),[2][5] and according to Salikh Zakirov (Also J.Bor, R.Khara-Davan), Michael continued to pay tributes to the Horde of Mongols after the treaty of 1265. Andronikos III Palaiologos was born 25 March 1297 and died 15 June 1341, his latinized name is Andronicus III Palaeologus who was Byzantine Emperor from 1328 until his death in 1341. This threat did not materialize in a significant way during Michael VIII's reign, and the emperor tried to take advantage of a civil war in Bulgaria in the late 1270s but the Byzantine armies suffered several major defeats at the hands of the peasant Emperor Ivaylo. Was acclaimed co-emperor in 1281 and was crowned in 1294 or 1295 was blinded and relegated to monastery. Over and over again throne earned him many enemies 1404 - 1453 Konstantinos XI as.! 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