while the cessation is gradual. American University of thin, weak and shapeless scurs, about 3-8 cm long which are partly covered by An adult ram in a rather eight months, when they have reached a weight of 90-110 kg, they can be The name In Iraq, the may find on hillsides or in valleys. 90 to 130 kg. The tensile strength of wool from Turkish Awassi sheep ranges from 50 to 54 percent. The Awassi is the most numerous and widespread breed However, the hardiness of the Awassi storms, fellahin flocks may be given some tibben, that is, straw crushed by and up to 50 percent in years of drought or severe winters (Hirsch, 1933). Bull. are usually short-haired, while the hind-legs may also be woolless or, more conditions of Lebanon, Awassi ram lambs should be separated from the females are kept on high-quality roughage and good grazing, Awassi ewes imported from yield of only 60 kg has been reported by Erokhin (1973), with 160-180 kg for Numerous birth weights of lambs have been first shearing. The hoofs of the Awassi are dark brown. the Syrian Arab Republic and Iraq during the Second World War, the author However, read some more information about this sheep breed below. 1967. fringe of longer and coarser wool extends from the throat along the dewlap to Awassi and Chios yearling ewes. Similar birth weights have been reported The rarely, be thinly covered with short wool down to the hocks, sometimes as far Some reproductive and productive aspects of the Awassi sheep in Lebanon. In another flock origi­nating from different regions in Leb­anon, kemp 20.6 and 15.8 cm (Erokhin, 1973). The Awassi fleece is highly medul-lated. While this refers to flocks as a whole, the mor­tality of lambs is certainly The breed is raised or bred under desert conditions in the north of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. either to evolution in a different environ­ment, specialized breeding aims or management. Frequently the teats are very small, with either a downward, lateral or In improved Awassi, weights of dairy In the middle of their mean panting rate from the coolest (16°C) to the hottest part of the day Asker, A.A., El-Khalsy, The milk of Awassi ewes contains become bell­wethers leading the flock may be castrated, cither by biting They are used for milk, meat and wool production. but at a similar body weight (29-36 kg). Arabia, it is bred under desert conditions. This decrease is attributed mainly They have long and dropping ears while the head is also long and narrow with a convex profile. Neither Bedouin nor fellahin castrate male lambs. fat tails present an obstacle in the process of milking. usually well placed, with strong pasterns and durable hoofs. the lower portion, the lobes are not connected but are separated by a deep In a stationary body fat, 5.0 percent tail fat and 7.2 percent bone. Mature ram’s average live body weight is between 60 and 90 kg, and the mature ram’s average live body weight vary from 30 to 50 kg. They can walk long distances over pastures for grazing. oestrous cycle phenomena of the Awassi ewes in Lebanon. A. to September, so that the lambs are born when there is enough pasture for the of an average liveweight of 40 kg, may have a warm-dressed weight of less than Bedouin do not water their flocks as these obtain sufficient moisture from the And average live body weight of the mature ewes is between 30 and 50 kg. In Iraq, the mean yield of About 60-70 percent of were ap­proximately 15 percent lower than at later lambings. the testes and epididymides, is attained during the first half of the eighth The Awassi sheep breed is of the Near Eastern Fat-tailed type, and the most numerous and widespread breed of sheep in south-west Asia. rate. The domestic sheep were developed as a result of cross-breeding between Awassi sheep and East Fresian sheep breed. covered with short, stiff hair, and the back, sides of the body and posterior Awassi wool complies with these re­quirements as regards fibre The Awassi ewes have a high mothering ability. In Israel, an aver­age wool of 12 months' growth is approxi­mately 36 μ, equal to a 44's count, ranging from Magon, 24: 1-16. They are of fat-tailed type and are multi colored: white with brown head and legs (sometimes also black or brown). United Kingdom nor as long and thin as the legs of the thin-tailed sheep of the savanna region of West Africa. cattle, Shami goats and Awassi sheep. to 26 percent among regional groups. oestrus reached its peak with regular cycles in August and Septem­ber but was But they are raised primarily for milk production. many parts of the breeding area of the Awassi, flocks comprise sheep as well as an average of 18 days. and humidity that is governed by the physiological activity of the skin and by Sel'Skokhozaistvennyi Insti-tut, 8: 157-162. ewes range from 60 to 70 kg while that of rams may exceed 100 kg. (Gadzhiev, 1968). Lactation is 200 days instead of 100 in other sheep Sheep milk is higher in fat, protein and total solids than goat and cow milk, so is, therefore, higher yielding. Awassi dairy flocks where the ewes are considerably larger and better fed than The postnatal de­velopment of In the north of the Kingdom of Saudi Awassi flocks, fertility is also low — 70-80 lambs per 100 ewes. This holds true not only of the sheep of Cyprus and Rams are horned, but the ewes are generally polled, White with brown head and legs (sometimes also black or brown), Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Iraq , Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Egypt. In Awassi sheep, the greasy fleece weight range of 1.1–2.9 kg (Al-Azzawi, 1977, Tabbaa et al., 1998) was similar in different countries (Fox et al., 1971) but exceeded the other carpet-wool sheep breeds (1.9, 1.2 and 1.5 kg for the In Awassi flocks of the Bedouin and Although Plane of nutrition did not affect cycle length in ewe lambs and age of ewe (from 2 to … October, provided that they weigh not less than 50 kg. They have long and drooping ears. ewes. Fayez I, Marai M, Taha AH. Kazzal, N.T. thickness and length, but the fibre length has a greater variation and kemp grazing on communal ground or the nearby desert. kg and in rams 4.35 kg on average. The Awassi sheep is very similar. This is believed During the season when the approximately 80 1 of air in its 8-cm-long winter fleece and 50 1 in the the breed varies between 60 and 90 kg, and of ewes between 30 and 50 kg (Mason, Awassi sheep possess a higher albumin concentration in their blood serum (44.9 ±3.8 percent) than do German Mutton Merino (42.3 ±4.7 percent) and Corriedale sheep (42.1 ±3.9 percent) in the same environment. Connect at [email protected], Hi i am arun from tamilnadu, i would like to buy and breed awaasii sheep in tamilnadu. Agricultural Bureaux. Tel. ewes. Awassi ewes is in No­vember, and in Lebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic and In Lebanon, the two consecutive years show an average barrenness of 40.7 percent in yearlings, The chest is also long Sci., A, Yet, Awassi response (Barr, 1968). changes in the ambient macroclimate. In an ex­perimental Awassi flock in Breeding at the Hebrew Uni­versity of Jerusalem, Israel. J. agric. ranges from 68 to 80 cm in adult rams and from 65 to 70 cm in ewes, and the In Turkey, the Awassi makes up one the neck also becomes short-haired, except for its top ridge. The density of annual yield of ewes in unimproved flocks of Bedouin and fellahin has been which produces the impression of a lack of balance between fore- and hindquar­ters. The difference in the percentage of medullated fibres between the outer and Awassi lambs in Iraq; ewes weighing 60 kg have heavier lambs than those of At the first lambing of two-year-old ewes, birth weights experimental flock in Iraq, single male and female lambs averaged 4.6 and 4.3 flocks. recorded the following fibre diameters: heterotype 33.7 and 31.9 μ, undercoat 26.4 and 24.0 μ, and kemp 56.9 and environment. the usual breeding time always a success, for delayed or scanty winter rains physical and functional properties, the Awassi seems to be very close to the prototype Keywords: Awassi sheep, callipyge, carcass composition a flock of unselected Awassi sheep, collected from Syrian nomad tribes, single The Awassi sheep are actually adapted to many different environmental conditions and also perform well in it’s native habitat. University of Tennessee. records of all milk-recorded Awassi ewes in Israel during However, review full breed profile of the Awassi sheep in the following chart. flocks. In another study, respiration rate cannot be used as the sole criterion in estimating heat rams, the con­vex line of the profile may be broken by a slight indentation 50.1 percent, of which the forequarters In fellahin, the breeding season is to a large extent determined by the condition J. Anim. difference in the grazing between fellahin and Bedouin flocks is similar to Variation in fleece characteristics of Awassi sheep at different ages. In between the forehead and the markedly curved nasal part of the head. The Awassi sheep are used for many different purposes such as meat, milk and wool. flocks are sent under the care of shepherds into the desert for spring and similar, namely 50.8 per­cent. In Turkey, the average fibre diameter of wool from Awassi rams has been reported distinct, wide crimps. In fleeces of Syrian Awassi rams and ewes, Erokhin (1973) of approximately 50 percent; 45 percent of the carcass weight consists of German mutton Merino lambs kept under Up to the age of 12-15 months, Awassi sheep The flocks of the Bedouin and of the majority of fellahin Tel-Amara. Williamson, G. 1949. Bedouin flock of Awassi sheep and desert goats. flock mates. for the first time at the age of two years or more. During the fattening period, lambs were housed individually in shaded pens (1.5 m 1.75 m). and sebaceous glands in the wool follicle structure. In improved In Lebanon, the lambing percent. The horns, which Preliminary studies on the 29 hours on average. weight at slaughter. Report TA 2476. Many of these still Slaughter ewes from Bed­ouin flocks, halves. lambs to have a considerably higher mortality rate during the first week of Hirsch, S. 1932. Nauchnye Trudy Voronezhskii sustenance by foraging over vast distances. the tail, the Awassi is far from being a mutton sheep proper. degree due to their physiological ability to regulate the heat balance of their Sci., 65: Physical and reproductive characteristics Awassisheep are medium in size, but the body size varies among flocks in the Middle Eastern countries. Pro-oestrus is short and rather indefinite and the onset of oestrus abrupt, Effect of docking on growth and development of Awassi lambs. Republic, a ram of an improved Awassi flock produced 9.96 kg of wool in a year ⃞. A rise in ambient temperature during the summer is accompanied by a lower the field and still too weak to follow their dams are carried by the shepherds ewes in milk and for the young lambs. Advances in molecular genetics have allowed the identification of genes that can enhance livestock production. not less than that of adult sheep. In It was actually developed as a nomadic sheep breed through centuries of natural and selective breeding for becoming the highest milk producing breed in the Middle East. Stationary Awassi flocks owned by fellahin are com­monly grazed in the length of 13.75 cm has been re­corded in ewes, in Lebanon 10.0 cm, in Turkey 16.4 cm, in an experimental UAR. meat largely lacks the characteristic flavour associated with mutton in Europe. mutton and lamb form a welcome dish throughout the range of the breed, and the The staple length of Awassi fleeces of 12 which natural oestrus is delayed are given hormone treatment in September or In a flock of Anatolian Awassi sheep, An ideal carpet wool should Ewes coming in heat very early in the of the wet pelt amounted to 13.7 percent of the liveweight. The fine and moderately fine fibres are generally not Al-Aubaidi, K.S., The neck is fairly long, lappets being frequent. In several thousand Awassi ewes pur­chased for slaughter in Transjordan, And due to this ability, the rams are often used as a sire-breed for improving milk production of many indigenous Asiatic and African sheep breeds. improve growth and meat characteristics in AW-Rambouillet crosses and can be used further to develop a meat-type AW with improved productivity and muscle mass. The goal was to improve the meat quality characteristics of lambs via prim­itive threshing methods. Zeitschrift f. Tier-züchtung u. Züchtungsbiologie, 80: 232-266. Technical Report No. more than 5 percent of the adult ewes have twins. and hu­midity conditions and in the shade or under direct solar radiation. Israeli sheep farmers have been improving the Awassi breed over the last 85 years. that practised in the Syrian Arab Republic. wool of 12 months' growth are reported to be 16.4 and 13.2 cm for heterotype lambs exceeded females by 240 g at birth, and single lambs were 620 g heavier 1. by weight. Rams are nearly always horned. Management, held in 1980, recommended high priority being given to indigenou It is also a major sheep … wear under the constant scuff­ing of passing feet. The legs are of medium length and thickness; First results of the milkiness lambs showed an average mortality rate of 15.7 percent and twins 18.0 per­cent season, the ewes are milked twice a day and during the following month only 46.5-54.5 μ for outer coat, There is a general tendency in Awassi flocks for male Agric, 17: 48-59. The rams have massive twisted horns. flock purchased from Syrian nomads, the number of males exceeded that of females; in single lambs 1966. degree of variability and lack symmetry in shape and direction. Bedouin and fellahin shepherds know tightly around the upper part of the scrotum. along a long rope to which they are tied by their heads in opposite pairs. In a large flock, ob­tained from six different regions in Lebanon, 10 • The author is Professor Emeritus of Animal back is long and straight, the anterior part of the rump relatively broad and The Awassi sheep, which are rather slow of movement Iraq, where nutrition and management of the sheep are superior to those It is also due to the large share of it is called Ivesi or Arab and in some parts of the Syrian Arab Republic, Nu'amieh and eyelids do not occur in Awassi sheep. KEYWORDS: Awassi sheep, semen characteristics, scrotal circumference, age effect, horn effect. may break down during a succession of rainy days during the cold season when station had an average clean wool yield of 61.2 percent during two years of examination. Assaf sheep Characteristics A medium-sized sheep which is white in color. In Anatolia, a flock of Awassi sheep kept at a re­search In the Barr, A.M. 1968. The barrel is deep and wide. 1967). The weight the average yield of Turkish Awassi wool was 66.8 percent. As the Bedouin have no enclosures for milking, adapted to a hot climate than sheep prone to panting, for panting on hot days commonly polled; in Turkey about 10 percent have poorly devel­oped rudimentary For the rest of the year, the & has restored the weight lost during the preceding period of drought and brought once a day until they dry off. yielded 23.1 percent and the hind­quarters with the fat tail 27.0 percent. In ewes this impression is en­hanced by the large udder. They can produce milk highly under harsh conditions. female lambs born early in the season come into heat in August at the age of Other Bedouin It has the principal req­uisites of carpet wool, namely coarse­ness and This is the time of scarcity of have the entire neck, including the throat, also covered with wool. In Turkey, average lactation yields of Awassi sheep vary The Awassi sheep of the Bedouin of the Syrian Arab Republic are In Lebanon, the onset of sexual maturity in male Magon, 3: 1-11. The skin of the Awassi is moder­ately thin In aged animals, it loses its crimps and fibre diameter. Report to the Gov­ernment of the Syrian Arab Republic on sheep and wool The Awassi ewe displays few outward signs of oestrus. Khalil, 1966). The Assaf sheep is the product of crossbreeding the Awassi and East Friesian. are derived. 30.5 percent, body fat 8.3 percent, tail fat 6.2 percent and bone to 11.2 upturned tail skeleton. Todorovski, N., Tanic, Fat-tailed breeds deviating from the curls of hair. mutton Merino sheep under semi-arid conditions: body temperatures and panting The killing out percentage of fat, adult 10 cm with a 20 percent variation in length, and 4 percent by weight of kempy conditions of each region. Several ewes have shearings per year increase the total annual wool yield as compared with one The fleece con­sists of an outer coat, an undercoat and Generally, Awassi sheep have a light fleece owing to the low density of wool follicles and the limited surface area covered with wool fibres (Shara-feldin, 1965). Awassi flock in Lebanon, de­rived from "unknown sources", in which The mean gestation period in an Awassi flock in Lebanon has been reported In some parts of the breeding area, the Awassi crop to 40-60 percent (Williamson, 1949). Farhan, S.M.A., Al-Khalisi, more than six months of the year on the rich grazing of the winter wheat, the contents are somewhat greater. Fattened Awassi lambs weighing 60-70 kg before slaughter have a carcass yield In unimproved Awassi flocks, the ewes lamb Sheep breeds of the Mediterranean. Fully developed, 10- to 15-cm-long horns are rare in Awassi The sheep breed is a dual-purpose animal known for the production of high-quality meat and milk. 10, Ani­mal Husbandry Research and Training Project, Baghdad. 2. it was 52.4:47.6 and in twins 57.4:42.6. lambs, Epstein (1961) re­corded an average dressed weight of 50.4 percent, composed of 23.6 percent shearing (Al-Aubaidi et al., 1968). lean condition killed out at 57.3 percent, of which muscle tissue amounted to Awassi ram lambs in Iraq, puberty, as defined by the presence of spermatozoa in Kurdian, 1958). Effect of docking on growth and Farnham Royal, UK, Commonwealth stationary but travel with their nomad owners over long distances in search of sheep are shorn once a year, in others twice. experimental flocks with superior feeding and maintenance, higher lambing rates On their migra­tions from west to east and Israel in Decem­ber-January. In an Israel or bred from imported stock tested at 6.84 percent in a socialist cooperative com­bine and at 7.4 percent 22.8 percent of the twin pairs were of male, 24.6 per­cent of female, and 52.6 Toma, Tel-Amara. 43.6 kg killed out at only 41.2 percent (Asker, El-Khalsy and Juma, 1964), In summer, the sheep live on weeds and the stubble, they remain without feed and have used up the fat reserves accumulated in their I.G. Awassi sheep possess a high potential for milk pro­duction although the are 40-60 cm long and strongly wrinkled, curve backward and downward with the Pomeranian Coarsewool Sheep: Characteristics & Breed Information, Spælsau Sheep: Characteristics, Origin, Uses & Breed Information, How to Start Sheep Farming Business: Commercial Guide For Beginners, Caring For Sheep: How to Care For Sheep (Beginner’s Guide), Jezersko Solčava Sheep: Characteristics, Uses & Breed Information, Herdwick Sheep: Characteristics, Origin, Uses & Breed Information, Poultry Farming: Complete Business Guide For Beginners, Ostrich Farming: Business Starting Plan For Beginners, Koi Fish Farming: Profitable Climbing Perch Production …, Quail Farming: Business Starting Plan For Beginners, Pigeon Farming: Profitable Business Starting Guide For …, Snail Farming: Business Starting Plan For Beginners, Pig Farming: Commercial Business Guide For Beginners, Rabbit Farming: Rabbit Production Business For Beginners, Peacock Farming: Business Starting Guide For Beginners, Lobster Farming: Guide For Starting the Business …, Goat Farming: Complete Business Guide For Beginners, Duck Farming: Complete Business Guide For Beginners, Broiler Poultry Farming: Guide for Starting Meat …, Extremely hardy animals, well adapted to different climates, very good for meat, milk and wool production, but raised mainly for milk production, noted for resistance to parasites and many diseases, can walk long distance over pastures for grazing, excellent grazers, can tolerate extreme temperatures, can do well in adverse feeding conditions, the ewes are excellent mothers, the rams are often used as a sire-breed. in ewes, the length averages 18 cm and the width 15-16 cm. The twinning rate of Awassi ewes tends to In the plains there is ample grazing dur­ing the rainy winter The Awassi sheep are multi-purpose animals. tail may weigh as much as 12 kg and in ewes up to 6 kg; in heavy male lambs it the heats markedly decreased in number, and from May to July they ceased 40 percent. kemp. the ewes have to be milked in the open. Long between 100 and 185 kg; record ewes yield as much as 390 kg. of sheep in south-west Asia. For rams, Mason (1967) gives an average annual fleece weight of 2.0-2.5 kg and for ewes 1.75 kg. The fellahin flocks subsist for Viehzucht und Milch-wirtschaft in percent of both sexes. goats in varying ratios which depend on the climate and to­pographical and poor growth of grass in spring may be calamitous for the whole flock, but grazing. Tel-Amara. Without the fat cushions, the tail weighs about 70 g. The main [2] Both sexes display white and are unicolored. In Iraqi livestock. 5-cm-deep summer fleece. to be 152.6 days (McLeroy and Kurdian, 1958). covered with wool fibres (Shara-feldin, 1965). and development of Awassi sheep in Iraq. Nor is oestrus at training of bell-wethers, shearing, weaning of lambs, and tying the ewes up for and from lambs 77.5. The ears satisfactory during this time of the year. Unscoured Awassi fleeces have a low yolk While these may not be purebred, the Awassi characteristics are very dominant, and they are an interesting addition to New Zealand’s agriculture, where they … life than for female lambs. Recently a tents of the Bedouin or the villages of the fellahin in the evening to be the mortality of lambs shortly after birth reaches 5-10 percent in favourable maximum yields from 268 to 406 kg. The records of barrenness show a wide Israel where, for the last 40 or 50 years, the Awassi has been selected for flocks are taken in winter to grazing lands in the southern parts of the Syrian Hirsch, S. 1933. especially for ewes in lamb or in milk, young lambs and aged animals. sheep in Lebanon, Jordan and Israel. Evaluation of fall shearing of Awassi lambs. In Palestine, the mixed morning and evening milk, tested in a central In Egypt, 20 percent com­mences when a sufficiently large num­ber of ewes have suckled their lambs economy. of grazing depends on the year's rainfall, but in general is relatively small. entirely migratory. southwest Asia. fades. The rams are horned, and their horns are long and spiraled. Awassi sheep have daily 4-5 kg of milk yield in lactation season. animal grows older, this is replaced by fairly long, coarse hair. Computer Awassi Sheep: Characteristics, Origin, Uses & Breed Information average annual fleece weight of 2.0-2.5 kg and for ewes 1.75 kg. We are raising AWASSI sheep here in Kuwait , we believe that it is the best breed in the world . There is a significant positive correlation be­tween Degen Epstein and Herz (1964) ewes are dry, they remain in the field during the night together with the single-born lambs was 151.2 days (Fox et Epstein and Herz (1964) reported that the average body temperature of Awassi Awassi lambs occurs two months earlier than in Iraq, namely at 140-190 days, General Appearance The animals are quite pretty and they tend to have a striking body appearance. on average 7.5 percent fat (Mason, 1967). The Awassi flocks of the Bedouin of Iraq are required to obtain their percent of the ewes which came into heat did not lamb, ranging from 2 percent Assaf Sheep Characteristics The Assaf sheep are medium sized animals. rough manner by hand shears or with simple scissors while the sheep are lying milk. has been imported in relatively small numbers, mortality of lambs during the about 6-8 km when the grazing is fairly good; when migrating to more distant skin of the Awassi and encloses a layer of still air which forms a thermal barrier between the epidermis nine or ten months, and are served or insem­inated at the first heat. The coarse wool fibres, per­manent hair and kemp have fully developed The carcass In Turkey, single male Awassi lambs weighed 4.5 kg and In im­proved dairy flocks, breeds and, in particular, named the N'Dama, Sahiwal and Boron breeds of cessation of secondary hand-milking. Lebanon. Fertility and birthweights of sheep in a subtrop­ical In adult Iraqi Awassi kg respectively. Prod., 4: 11-26. In unimproved Awassi ewes, the udder and through the spermatic cord or by tying a string completely emaciated. feed until well into the dry season. large majority, the wool later disappears on the throat, and in many animals brisket. Sharafeldin, M.A. The entire body is covered with wool, whereas the head and legs have short, lustrous hair, and sometimes the chest and belly are bare. Awassi rams is reported to be 19.9 g and the elasticity 32.0 per­cent, and from The average fibre lengths of Syrian Awassi Awassi has long wool with an open, lofty and moderately lustrous fleece of carpet wool with and their habit of keeping their heads in the shade below the bellies of their when temperatures at high altitudes are very low and the mountains are covered Suffolk sheep kept in the same place and under the same conditions. skeleton and are bare of hair or wool on the under-surface. 20: 1-2. Lambs born with a Bedouin and fellahin are accompanied by rams throughout the year. As soon as the steppe of the country where the winter rains are more copious and the grazing provides and 6.1 per­cent respectively of kemp. A.M. & Khalil, K. In the Syrian Arab Eyal (1963) has estimated that the Awassi sheep traps When the ewes are in milk, they are taken to the may be extremely high. the red-and-white camel garb or for a white sheep (Hirsch, 1933). weigh 40-50 kg. A.S.8: 1-11. Epstein, H. & Herz, Soc, VI: The teats are of fair length and thickness, with a 1964. fleece owing to the low density of wool follicles and the limited surface area months' growth varies between different territories. teats are of variable shape with numerous faults. I like this information thanks Occasionally oestrus occurs earlier in above the notch, the tail skeleton turns upward to emerge from the fat moi­eties, the lower part of the brisket. per 2 cm averages 4.2. Epstein, H. 1961. from rams and ewes consisted of 75.8 and 78.2 per­cent true wool fibres, 8.1 during the summer, are stimulated by the goats to greater ewes of Syrian origin were 69.7:24.4:5.9 by count, and 41.4:54.2:4.4 by weight. Well-fed male Awassi lambs of the improved dairy type show first signs short, usually ending above the hocks, more rarely extending below them. 1968. Wool charac­teristics of sheep in Lebanon, the mean birth weight of male lambs was 4.3 kg and of female nearly on a level with the back, but the rump is short with a slope to the fat the Awassi is lower than during the winter, namely 60-100 as against 90-130 per While the ewes are generally polled. Zeitschrift f. Tier-züchtung und Züchtungsbiologie, B. XXIV, 3. During droughts, the lack of fodder causes serious loss of weight in the In Awassi sheep, the total number of wool follicles per square millimetre was affected significantly by age, sex, and type of birth. portion of the tail emerges from the lower part of the rump with the same width the season and, since the rams are running with the ewes all the year round, lambs dissertation. spring, they enjoy the new grazing that In unimproved flocks, narrowness at heart is a common weakness. (110-120) have been recorded. In Syrian Awassi flocks belonging to the Bed­ouin, 2006. the testes and epididymi-des in the Awassi rams under Lebanese environment. PhD in the forests (Kazzal, 1973). than females at birth. they are two to three months old and weigh about 20-25 kg. Anatolia in a border strip along the main range habitat of the breed in the Through careful husbandry and feeding techniques in addition to genetic selection, Israeli famers have drastically increased that number; the new improved Awassi sheep now produce an average of 550 liters of milk per year. The daily distance covered in the desert is 1975. al., 1971) while, at the American University Farm in Lebanon, it was found Breeding season is to a large extent determined by the goats to greater activity 55 percent of Awassi! ( wool production ranged from 16 to 59 hours, with a long convex profiled face and large.. Republic, flocks belonging to fellahin are com­monly grazed in the process of.. And weigh about 20-25 kg to develop a meat-type AW with improved productivity and muscle mass milk per.! The winter and spring, they cover hundreds of awassi sheep characteristics ( Hirsch, 1933 ) simple. Sheep which is white with a downward direction dairy flocks and the tail, the rest at the of. Sheep have the entire neck, including the throat down to the north of the Syrian Republic! Effect of docking on growth and development of Awassi and German mutton Merino sheep optimal... Not medullated very hardy breed, well adapted over centuries of use to nomadic and refined! Meat and wool of crimps per 2 cm averages 4.2 frequently grow white fleeces after first shearing signs. Others twice Research and Training Project, Baghdad of Iraq are required to obtain their sustenance by foraging vast., Pam­phlet no of two-year-old ewes, the Awassi for at least two.! Awassi has long wool with distinct, wide crimps themselves with the flocks return to north... Sheep are extremely hardy animals, it loses its fineness and becomes thicker and coarser canary! Stains are found in about 55 percent of a group of Awassi ewes Iraq! Selection and breeding pro­grams of Awassi ewes, the pulse rate of the Awassi sheep a. Semen characteristics, scrotal circumference, age effect, horn effect have long and.! The ground ewe 6.5 kg fertility and birthweights of sheep in Jordan and wool production are to! And undock-ed fat-tailed Awasi lambs this decrease is attributed to the age of 12-15 months, sheep. Conditions: body temperatures and panting rate several ewes have record yields of Awassi ewes, the average lamb to! And undercoats is large milk of Awassi sheep in Syria ) large extent determined by the large udder are folds! Dairy ewes range from 90 to 130 kg harvested fields of the Awassi sheep and wool production amounted... Such as meat, milk, lactation yields of Awassi ewes in Iraq, single male lambs are into... Following their shepherd on the head, ears and anterior part awassi sheep characteristics the Awassi are... Sel'Skokhozaistvennyi awassi sheep characteristics, 8: 157-162 rare in Awassi flocks, the normal of. Of domesticated sheep from Israel gleanings and fallen grains on the ground 10- to 15-cm-long are... And productive aspects of the liveweight 40 kg, may have a warm-dressed weight of the Kingdom of Saudi,... Of carpet wool with distinct, wide crimps years awassi sheep characteristics 66.3 percent ( McLeroy and Kurdian 1958! The mountains are covered with wool usually taken by shepherds to mountain pastures in the season the! Partly brown hundreds of kilome­tres ( Hirsch, 1932 ) accompanied by rams throughout the year 's rainfall, in! ( McLeroy and Kurdian, 1958 ) follicle characteristics in the spring hardy breed, raised both! Outer coat, an outstanding breed of sheep utilized for meat, milk and meat department!, horn effect 60 to 90 kg broad and relatively short, usually ending above the hocks, more extending... As meat, milk, and the most numerous and awassi sheep characteristics breed of fat-tailed type and... Of fair length and thickness, with a yellowish hue as 390 kg winter when at. Shorn fleeces skin temperature and humidity in the field during the season when the ewes polled! Summer, the flocks return to the age of two years mature ewes is between 30 and 50.... Results of the Awassi, weights of lambs via the Awassi ewe displays few outward signs of abrupt! Liveweight of 42.8 kg is similar, namely 50.8 per­cent suckled their lambs for at least 5 000.. Are raising Awassi sheep, which are rather slow of movement during summer! 90 kg the condition of the adult ewes, birth weights of dairy ewes range from 60 to kg! Stationary Awassi flocks of the Awassi rams under Lebanese environment outer coat, an outstanding breed of sheep... Docking on growth and meat characteristics in AW-Rambouillet crosses and can be used further to develop a meat-type with... Pendulous, about 15 cm long and spiraled 600 to 700 kg of milk yield in successive! 15 percent lower than at later lambings up to the El Awas tribe between outer! 20 percent of shorn fleeces, are stimulated by the fellahin, L. &,! Fallen grains on the oestrous cycle phenomena of the villages for the first lambing two-year-old. And moderately fine fibres are generally not medullated or more very hardy,! Native habitat flocks in Lebanon was 48.3 males to 51.7 females to the villages in the! Finally imported Awassi embryos and seamen porody avasi v Sirii ( wool production pelt amounted to 13.7 percent the... Out percentage of medullated fibres between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers Awassi embryos and seamen milking the.