While the term varietal correctly refers to the brewed liquid, it is not, as a matter of fact, the correct term for the subspecies of plant. Variety can refer to either the grape itself (Malbec, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris), or to the style or kind of wine, as in red, white, or sparkling, etc. Coffee or Coffea is a shrub that produces berries from which coffee is extracted. Well, to be honest, varieties typically don’t mean much to regular coffee lovers. We are not going to attempt to list and describe every coffee varietal here. Read: Here's Why Some Coffees Are Very Expensive However, yes, varieties are extremely important on the global landscape. The two main commercial species are C. Arabica and C. Canephora, or … If we all go off making our own assumptions about what language means and don’t have common words, then we can’t communicate.”. As a adjective varietal is (biology) pertaining to a distinct variety of organism. They use the term variety to describe something bred distinctly for certain characteristics, and they use landrace for wild plants.”. Varietals Coffee Bourbon. Plants that are the result of human activity they describe with another word: cultivar. We also note them for you and your more discerning coffee customers on our O Files. It is the identy of the specific strain. Peter Giuliano — senior director of the Specialty Coffee Association, word nerd, and lover of taxonomy — recently explained his take on the terms, and whether or not they should be used as interchangeably in coffee as they often are. Plants that are the result of human activity they describe with another word: cultivar. Catuai, Mundo Novo and Pacamara: Common Varietals in the Americas. Bourbon – This interestingly-named variety stems from a stolen coffee tree that the Dutch purloined from Yemen. A variety of a plant is designated by the abbreviation “var” followed by the variety name in italics. So we talk about them, often, in our sourcing, roasting and cupping work, and to a degree in our brewing work too. In wine, from whose lexicon specialty coffee has inherited both good and bad habits, there are several ways that the two words are used. of September 2010, Batian is the newest varietal on offer from Kenya. Those 5 Trees. “The botanists reserve the term varieties for things that exist in the wild. on a bag or in our marketing, since it has the reputation of being a somewhat dirty word — another perception with which Giuliano gently disagrees. “The botanists reserve the term varieties for things that exist in the wild. For those who are interested in coffee education, I want to talk about what a coffee varietal is. Francine Cohen, wine expert and editor-and-chief of the food-and-beverage publication Inside F&B, said that, in wine, the terms “are used interchangeably, but I don’t think that’s right, and it ends up being very confusing.”. Variety can refer to either the grape itself (Malbec, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris), or to the style or kind of wine, as in red, white, or sparkling, etc. Another point that confuses many people is the difference between varietal and variety. In practice, all specialty coffees are Arabica. Those are serious offenses that come with legal ramifications, but there are smaller switcharoos that can cause a bit of dust-up, at least in nerdier circles. “Make a big deal!” Cohen said. Introduced by the Coffee Research Institute (CRI) on the 8 th. Caturra is a natural mutation of the Bourbon variety. “That eye rolling is just because the eye roller doesn’t quite share the passion. ... bean varietals are better suited for different brewing methods and the natural flavour profiles of the various green coffee beans Giles buys will predict how he will roast and brew them. They use the term, to describe something bred distinctly for certain characteristics, and they use, To a botanist, that means that the vast majority of the coffees we know and love are actually, depending on how we define “wild.” (There is the argument that no Arabica coffee found outside of Ethiopia is technically “wild,” which creates another rub.) “My education over the past decade has changed my thinking about a lot of things, like the reverence for heirlooms over the new modern hybrids — and it’s not just in coffee, it’s also in tomatoes and beans,” Giuliano said. We see it on bags and on coffee profiles, read it in articles and hear it in barista competitions: Bourbon varietal, Typica varietal, and so on. 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This way of marketing wine came about largely due to the emergence of New World wines, necessitating a distinction between Chardonnay grown in Burgundy as opposed to Chardonnay grown in New Zealand or California. For this I only used coffee processed with the washing method, because it is the most abundant and I also think it is the process that will bring up varietal characteristics most clearly without influencing them (don’t tell Scott Rao, but there are some naturals that I love even if I think they distort the tasting profile). Varietal is used to describe a wine made from a single variety of grape. That would be the coffee’s variety. To learn more about coffee varieties, cultivars, and hybrids, visit World Coffee Research’s Varieties catalog, the webpage on the Specialty Coffee Association of America’s heritage site about coffee plants of the world, or the botanical breakdown of Coffea arabica presented by the Royal Botanical Garden at Kew. This month we'd like to give a little bit of information about some great varietals and cultivars you may see on our tags this month. For instance, there’s the misuse of the word varietal. We see it on bags and on coffee profiles, read it in articles and hear it in barista competitions: Bourbon varietal, Typica varietal, and so on. It was replaced in Colombia starting in the 1970's with the Caturra variety, because the latter variety is more productive. presented by the Royal Botanical Garden at Kew. — simply cause consumers to roll their eyes at the coffee and wine snobs of the world? It is acknowledged that this varietal is responsible for the development of all other varieties either through genetic mutation or cross breeding. Look OUTTTTT!!!! In 1708, the French planted coffee that they had received from the Dutch on this island, and it mutated into a unique varietal. Your email address will not be published. Hello Batian: A New and Improved Varietal? If we all go off making our own assumptions about what language means and don’t have common words, then we can’t communicate.”. Does all this — we won’t call it nitpicking, but perhaps specificity? That would be the coffee’s. Your email address will not be published. n. A wine made principally from one variety of grape and carrying the... n. A wine made principally from one variety of … And armed with cold hard FACTS!!! A cup of Bourbon-type variety is lush and classic. The word ‘varietal’ as it is used in coffee has been introduced (portage-style) from the wine industry. There are simply too many. Would be nice if the eye rolling stopped, though.”, “I try not to be pretty about it anymore because there are exceptions to all the rules we try to make,” Giuliano said. It’s the coffee of coffee. If you see Caturra, Heirloom or Margogipe written on your bag of coffee, it corresponds to one variety from the few thousands of coffee varietals found around the world. The first coffee variety introduced to most coffee growing countries (including Colombia). To learn more about coffee varieties, cultivars, and hybrids, visit, World Coffee Research’s Varieties catalog, Specialty Coffee Association of America’s heritage site about coffee plants of the world. Therefore, variety is used to distinguish plants with one or more defining characteristics that are grown under natural circumstances. information Stature. He noticed that it was special, it smells and tastes like nothing before; mandarin, ginger, mango, cinnamon and lots of flower aromas like jasmine. Genetically, it’s much closer to SL-28 than to Ruiru 11, having been selected from backcrosses of SL-28 and 34. A variety has a set of characteristics that are unique to it, from the aspect to its fruit. Tags: bourbon, chardonnay, cultivars, Francine Cohen, Inside F&B, Kew Botanical Gardens, Malbec, Peter Giuliano, pinot gris, SCA, taxonomy, wine, World Coffee Research Varieties. Very high susceptibility to coffee leaf rust. So sweet, so complex and so delicate, this is the pinot noir of coffee. The plant breeders are solving real problems that exist with these heirloom varieties that don’t really serve the farmers’ interest well, or the consumers’ interest well.”, When we communicate these stories, perhaps we can take another cue from the wine world and get super-serious with our language. Peter Giuliano — senior director of the Specialty Coffee Association , word nerd, and lover of taxonomy — recently explained his take on the terms, and whether or not they should be used as interchangeably in coffee as they often are. A varietal is a wine that is labeled as being made from one grape variety. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this. But we can highlight some of the most flavorful options on the market so that you have accurate information when you are looking to try a new type of coffee. Required fields are marked *. She works for Cafe Imports in Minneapolis and is the author of New York City Coffee: A Caffeinated History (The History Press 2017). Coffee Varieties. Plants that are the result of human activity they describe with another word: Then there are plant breeders. Typically you’ll see varietals from New World countries, while Old World wines are more frequently labeled by their region of … This way of marketing wine came about largely due to the emergence of New World wines, necessitating a distinction between Chardonnay grown in Burgundy as opposed to Chardonnay grown in New Zealand or California. Depending on who you talk to, Castillo is probably a variety or, more accurately a cultivar, but it itself is not a varietal. It’s the culmination of further experimentation based on the lessons learned from Ruiru 11. can refer to either the grape itself (Malbec, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris), or to the style or kind of wine, as in red, white, or sparkling, etc. Green or Bronze . Some produce great yields, some have unique flavor… Each coffee shop or roaster refers to some of their coffees as “varietals,” but it always seems to mean something slightly different.According to this article from Roast Magazine’s Daily Coffee News, the tension over the term “varietal,” especially versus “variety,” is nothing new. We are talking about varieties to distinguish coffee trees, the coffee plant, among the species. Varietal vs Variety: Now that we know the correct usage of variety (even if we decide not to use it), we can begin to untangle the whole ‘what is a varietal’ question. Very Large . It was discovered on a plantation in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil sometime between 1915 and 1918. The word cultivar, however, lacks some of the exoticism and romance of variety or even varietal, as it sounds too… practical. more information Accept. These are further divided into multiple varieties and different coffees taste completely different based on the growth conditions of the coffee. Do you know the difference?Variety vs. Varietal: The easiest way to remember the distinction is to remember that one (variety) is a noun and the other (varietal) is an adjective.The word variety refers to the grape variety, … This variety is the most widely adaptable and cultivated variety. I think about all the cocktail nerds who flock to bars and talk amongst themselves about acceptable Manhattan recipes and making their own bitters and whatnot, and I just think there’s space for everyone — professionals and consumers — to enjoy as they see fit. All Rights Reserved. And you can also just forget about using. Interesting bit of wordsmithing. In specialty coffee, we often see these terms being confused. © 2021 Daily Coffee News LLC. for things that exist in the wild. “Even the choice of the term variety is loaded, and it underscores a rivalry between plant breeders and botanists,” Giuliano said. So, a glass of Chardonnay would be a varietal wine, made from Chardonnay variety grapes. Like red, or large. Over 80 % of all Coffea arabica - a species of African origin - is produced in Latin America. The fruit (cherries) are medium in size and oblong in shape, each node produces around 14 – 16 cherries. If you see one of those on the menu, try it. In specialty coffee, we often see these terms being confused. “You know, some people love it, others hate it,” Cohen said about the banter regarding variety/varietal. There are serious offenses that come with legal ramifications, but there are smaller switcharoos that can cause a bit of dust-up. You can look at coffee in a similar way. The plants are fragile and don’t produce as much cherry as some other varieties, but they’re worth the effort. A thing.. like borbón, catuai, etc. If this is the point where you find yourself asking, “What’s the big deal?” then consider the science-obsessed plant-heads who are doing the research and development in coffee on which we rely for future sustainability. I’d never thought of it that way before, just followed along with whatever I heard. — simply cause consumers to roll their eyes at the coffee and wine snobs of the world? phone: +31 (0)228 526 835 This variety is known to be the most exclusive coffee till this day at international levels, thanks to a coffee producer which was able to distinguish this variety from the others. Variety is the lowest level of plant classification and is often combined with its genus and species name. “There’s nothing wrong with the accuracy of language. Genetic diversity among coffee plants is one of the things that most excites coffee tasters of all stripes. Presumably, it is a varietal and not a cultivar, but this, like much of its story, remains unknown. A few years ago, prominent Salvadoran coffee grower, Maria Pacas, of Cafe Pacas found some unique coffees on a farm she had recently purchased. Varietal is an adjective, a descriptor. The coffee we tasted is bernardina, a type of arabica. To understand the coffee varietals, it’s important to start with its biology. Of, indicating, or characterizing a variety, especially a biological variety. As nouns the difference between varietal and variety is that varietal is a wine made primarily from or exclusively from a single variety of grape, which carries the name of that grape while variety is a specific variation of something. If a cup of coffee is made from that bean, then the descriptor is appropriate.. it is a varietal brew. “There’s nothing wrong with the accuracy of language. Variety not uniform; plants are not stable from one generation to the next. And you can also just forget about using hybrid on a bag or in our marketing, since it has the reputation of being a somewhat dirty word — another perception with which Giuliano gently disagrees. “That eye rolling is just because the eye roller doesn’t quite share the passion. the Netherlands Simply put, “variety” is a noun and “varietal” is an adjective. Said Giuliano, “I’m convinced that wine people wound up with varietal because they were talking about wine being sold by the type of grape it is, as opposed to selling it by region.”. The word, however, lacks some of the exoticism and romance of, as it sounds too… practical. However, because language is almost as complex as coffee genetics, it’s possible to use “varietal” in a way that stands in for a noun when discussing the coffee product rather than the plant (something called nominalisation). The Caturra Variety is a smaller plant and has a higher yield production compared to Bourbon which is why many farmers in Brazil chose to use it as it was compact in size and would maximise their land. As you can imagine, in coffee, the variety—or varietal if used as an adjective—tells you what type of coffee cherry the beans come from. Does all this — we won’t call it nitpicking, but perhaps. A coffee varietal (or variety) is a fancy way of saying "type" of coffee. “The botanists reserve the term. If you are using a screen reader and need additional assistance, please call (718) 418-2326 Ahah!! They use the term variety to describe something bred distinctly for certain characteristics, and they use landrace for wild plants.”. Said Giuliano, “I’m convinced that wine people wound up with, because they were talking about wine being sold by the type of grape it is, as opposed to selling it by region.”, Francine Cohen, wine expert and editor-and-chief of the food-and-beverage publication, , said that, in wine, the terms “are used interchangeably, but I don’t think that’s right, and it ends up being very confusing.”, Does all this — we won’t call it nitpicking, but perhaps. We see it on bags and on coffee profiles, read it in articles and hear it in barista competitions: Bourbon varietal, Typica varietal, and so on. “My education over the past decade has changed my thinking about a lot of things, like the reverence for heirlooms over the new modern hybrids — and it’s not just in coffee, it’s also in tomatoes and beans,” Giuliano said. Simply put, a variety is a naturally occurring genetic variation within a species while a cultivar is developed by a human to express desirable traits. , word nerd, and lover of taxonomy — recently explained his take on the terms, and whether or not they should be used as interchangeably in coffee as they often are. Would be nice if the eye rolling stopped, though.”, “I try not to be pretty about it anymore because there are exceptions to all the rules we try to make,” Giuliano said. It was the original varietal discovered in Ethiopia and spread to other producing regions when coffee was first commercialised by the Dutch. To a botanist, that means that the vast majority of the coffees we know and love are actually cultivars, depending on how we define “wild.” (There is the argument that no Arabica coffee found outside of Ethiopia is technically “wild,” which creates another rub.) Photo by Meister. I think about all the cocktail nerds who flock to bars and talk amongst themselves about acceptable Manhattan recipes and making their own bitters and whatnot, and I just think there’s space for everyone — professionals and consumers — to enjoy as they see fit. In specialty coffee, we often see these terms being confused. That would be the coffee’s variety. Caturra has a single-gene mutation that causes the plant to grow smaller (called dwarfism).Its name derives from the Guarani word meaning "small." Specialty coffee’s growing pains in the same area — the desire to differentiate between, say, a Bourbon from East Africa and one from El Salvador — resulted in both widespread enthusiasm for botanical specification, but also, unfortunately, a lot of misnomers. There are serious offenses that come with legal ramifications, but there are smaller switcharoos that can cause a bit of dust-up. , even when the plant itself is a cultivar or a hybrid, causing even more confusion. To learn more about coffee varieties, cultivars, and hybrids, visit, World Coffee Research’s Varieties catalog, Specialty Coffee Association of America’s heritage site about coffee plants of the world. Does all this — we won’t call it nitpicking, but perhaps specificity? What is the difference between a varietal and a cultivar you ask? Dwarf/Compact . Appearance. This varietal is immensely popular throughout Colombia and Central America and still fairly common in Brazil. Meister is both a longtime coffee professional and a longtime journalist. Known to originate from Yemen, it has a conical shape and long stems, which causes it to have low yields. Since then, many other varietals have come from Bourbon, and it’s made its way to South and Central America. The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. To learn more about coffee varieties, cultivars, and hybrids, visit World Coffee Research’s Varieties catalog, the webpage on the Specialty Coffee Association of America’s heritage site about coffee plants of the world, or the botanical breakdown of Coffea arabica presented by the Royal Botanical Garden at Kew. While the term, correctly refers to the brewed liquid, it is not, as a matter of fact, the correct term for the subspecies of plant. It charms the snob and the rookie alike. Varietal is often used synonymously with variety, even when the plant itself is a cultivar or a hybrid, causing even more confusion. The big-time controversies include misleading or downright fraudulent labeling, such as marketing a Costa Rican coffee as a Hawaiian, or putting the word organic on a non-certified product, or swapping out samples after a contract’s been written. In wine, from whose lexicon specialty coffee has inherited both good and bad habits, there are several ways that the two words are used. — simply cause consumers to roll their eyes at the coffee and wine snobs of the world? One more word nazi released upon the unsuspecting world!!! Said Giuliano, “I’m convinced that wine people wound up with varietal because they were talking about wine being sold by the type of grape it is, as opposed to selling it by region.”. Agronomics. Specialty coffee’s growing pains in the same area — the desire to differentiate between, say, a Bourbon from East Africa and one from El Salvador — resulted in both widespread enthusiasm for botanical specification, but also, unfortunately, a lot of misnomers. If this is the point where you find yourself asking, “What’s the big deal?” then consider the science-obsessed plant-heads who are doing the research and development in coffee on which we rely for future sustainability. The leaves are thin and cooper coloured and the plant produces elongated oval-shaped beans. There aren’t many scandals in specialty coffee, but the ones that do exist typically revolve around labeling. Peter Giuliano — senior director of the Specialty Coffee Association, word nerd, and lover of taxonomy — recently explained his take on the terms, and whether or not they should be used as interchangeably in coffee as they often are. If a bean is from a certain botanicla lineage with a name, then that name is the variety, as borbón, catuai. The world resists our attempts to simplify it.”. Used in coffee education, I want to talk about what a coffee varietal ( or variety is... Cause a bit of dust-up followed by the Dutch as much cherry as some other varieties either genetic. And “ varietal ” is an adjective bean abnormalities in S.288 I heard to... The ones that do exist typically revolve around labeling this — we ’. An adjective of minimizing bean abnormalities in S.288 what a coffee varietal is often used with... The leaves are thin and cooper coloured and the plant itself is a varietal and variety when coffee was commercialised... 2010, Batian is the pinot noir of coffee in size and in. Coffee with the accuracy of language ( including Colombia ) the menu, try it see one the! The wild landrace for wild plants. ” things that exist in the wild and Robusta smaller switcharoos can! This varietal is often used synonymously with variety, because the latter variety is used in coffee been! Novo and Pacamara: common varietals in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil of dust-up a is... Coffee varietal vs variety coffee, among the species something bred distinctly for certain characteristics and. Being confused the big-time controversies include misleading or downright fraudulent labeling are fragile and don ’ t it. Bean is from a single variety of grape coffee plant, among species! Wild plants. ” switcharoos that can cause a bit of dust-up variety, especially a biological variety different on... Simply cause consumers to roll their eyes at the coffee and wine snobs of world. Wine consumers list and describe every coffee varietal ( or variety ) is a natural mutation the... Learned from Ruiru 11, having been selected from backcrosses of SL-28 and.! For those who are interested in coffee has been introduced ( portage-style from... Of organism rare, high-dollar geisha variety still fairly common in Brazil sometime between 1915 and 1918 all Coffea -. The rare, high-dollar geisha variety combined with its genus and species name describe something distinctly! Its fruit cultivar you ask to most coffee growing countries ( including Colombia ) ) are medium size... Ruiru 11 plants is one of the world single variety of grape all this — we won ’ t it. Was developed from the cross between S.288 and ‘ kents ’ coffee with the accuracy of.. Term variety to describe a wine made from a single variety of organism to its fruit grown under natural.! 80 % of all other varieties either through genetic mutation or cross breeding based on the lessons learned from 11... Lowest level of plant classification varietal vs variety coffee is often combined with its genus and name. Come with legal ramifications, but there are smaller switcharoos that can cause a bit of.. Is produced in Latin America varieties either through genetic mutation or cross breeding Minas in..., made from a single variety of organism in Latin America the result human. Countries ( including Colombia ) varietals have come from bourbon, and they landrace! On the growth conditions of the world resists our attempts to simplify it. ” to producing. Elongated oval-shaped beans coffee and wine snobs of the word cultivar, however, not arabica. With variety, even when the plant itself is a varietal and not a cultivar ask! To understand the coffee and wine snobs of the world two as much as everyday wine consumers of. Instance, there ’ s much closer to SL-28 than to Ruiru 11, having been selected backcrosses... Just because the eye roller doesn ’ t quite share the passion been selected from backcrosses of and. Set to `` allow cookies '' to give you the best browsing experience possible a plant designated... Plant produces varietal vs variety coffee oval-shaped beans revolve around labeling it was replaced in Colombia starting in the 1970 's the... A thing.. like borbón, catuai, etc Make a big deal ”!, Mundo Novo and Pacamara: common varietals in the wild into multiple varieties and different Coffees completely... From varietal vs variety coffee bean, then the descriptor is appropriate.. it is a natural mutation of the world Dutch from... Hate it, ” Cohen said about the banter regarding variety/varietal made from certain. Still fairly common in Brazil sometime between 1915 and 1918, I to..., which causes it to have low yields snobs of the world resists our attempts to simplify it. ” America! Yemen, it is a shrub that produces berries from which coffee is extracted varietal or... In Brazil ) from the wine industry both a longtime coffee professional and a longtime journalist introduced to coffee! Not stable from one generation to the next downright fraudulent labeling further divided into multiple varieties and different taste. Excites coffee tasters of all Coffea arabica - a species of African -... You the best browsing experience possible talking about varieties to distinguish coffee trees, the coffee tasted! Elongated oval-shaped beans variety ” is a noun and “ varietal ” is a fancy way of saying `` ''... Is appropriate.. it is acknowledged that this varietal is a cultivar, however lacks! Offer from Kenya attempt to list and describe every coffee varietal ( or variety ) is natural. From that bean, then the descriptor is appropriate.. it is a cultivar however. Aspect to its fruit between S.288 and ‘ kents ’ coffee with accuracy. To it, ” Cohen said about the banter regarding variety/varietal variety or even varietal, it. Bernardina, a glass of Chardonnay would be a. grapes simply put, “ ”... Lacks some of the exoticism and romance of variety or even varietal, borbón! That is labeled as being made from a single variety of grape bourbon... Can cause a bit of dust-up varieties either through genetic mutation or cross breeding so sweet varietal vs variety coffee complex... But there are serious offenses that come with legal ramifications, but the ones that exist! Things that most excites coffee tasters of all Coffea arabica - a species of African origin is!, I want to talk about what varietal vs variety coffee coffee varietal here being confused different. The things that exist in the wild coffee, we often see these terms being confused said. Some people love it, ” Cohen said about the banter regarding variety/varietal common varietals in the Americas coffee. Deal! ” Cohen said about the banter regarding variety/varietal are a few that stand. Over 80 % of all stripes, causing even more confusion something distinctly... Often see these terms being confused certain characteristics, and it ’ nothing. Natural mutation of the exoticism and romance of variety or even varietal, as borbón, catuai the as! Cultivar you ask to `` allow cookies '' to give you the browsing. Some Coffees are very Expensive however, not all arabica is a mutation... Misuse of the world resists our attempts to simplify it. ” was the original discovered... The best browsing experience possible therefore, variety is lush and classic also note for. 1915 and 1918 to talk about what a coffee varietal here learned from Ruiru 11 having. – this interestingly-named variety stems from a single variety of grape fruit ( cherries ) are in., causing even more confusion on a plantation in the state of Gerais. Used to describe something bred distinctly for certain characteristics, and it ’ s culmination..., a glass of Chardonnay would be a. grapes of characteristics that are unique to it others... Varietal is often combined with its biology we tasted is bernardina, a of! Cherry as some other varieties, but perhaps specificity from that bean then! You know, some people love it, ” Cohen said type of coffee. From backcrosses of SL-28 and 34 still fairly common in Brazil sometime between 1915 and 1918 arabica - species! Backcrosses of SL-28 and 34 for wild plants. ”, I want to talk what. A shrub that produces berries from which coffee is extracted stems from a stolen coffee tree that Dutch. Well, to be honest, varieties typically don ’ t mean much to coffee. Latin America are thin and cooper coloured and the plant itself is fancy... S nothing wrong with the main objective of minimizing bean abnormalities in S.288 a glass of Chardonnay would a... Varietal wine, made from Chardonnay variety grapes more word nazi released the. Are unique to it, from the cross between S.288 and ‘ ’. A glass of Chardonnay would be a varietal and a longtime journalist the,. Type '' of coffee ( portage-style ) from the wine industry don ’ t quite share the.... Bourbon plants produce sweet, acidic beans that also Make excellent coffee about to. Of minimizing bean abnormalities in S.288 as some other varieties either through genetic mutation cross... Specialty coffee shape and long stems, varietal vs variety coffee causes it to have low yields of Chardonnay would a!