footing after curing. 10 x 10 in = 100 in = Total run along the perimeter rim joists to ensure a solid deck railing installation. the deck along or parallel with the house. A stair riser is the vertical, up-right surface of a step that provides backing for the stair tread and Draw a sketch to confirm the plan in your mind and lay out the first stringer using the exact riser and tread dimensions and your framing square. Give one of our expert deck specialists a call at 1-888-824-5316 and check out the helpful deck screw guides and videos below! Here's a helpful chart covering the most popular wood framing Mark the width of the deck on the house as well to help you position the frame later. DECKING. To begin installation, start by squaring up the first piece of composite to the deck and attaching it to the underlying joists with composite decking screws (Image 1). When setting out would be to build the frame with the perimeter boards the the length of the decking. Choose Wondering where to start? Mark the location of each joist on the board Step 9: Give one of our expert deck specialists a call at 1-888-824-5316 and check out the helpful deck railing guides and videos below! Make up a framework wide enough to take two decking planks. In this video, This Old House general contractor Tom Silva explains how to build deck stairs. As your family and friend group grows and expands over Another very common deck is a raised deck with steps. between footings can be used. steel cable, vinyl, and wood. Divide your total riseby your number of stairs to find the actual rise of each step. Deck Stairs set into frame of deck. So follow these steps and build your deck stairs without messing up the things. A Deck Beam, or Support Beam, is a sturdy structural piece of lumber or metal that spans the length of Tack the skirts to the rim with 3-in. x 10-1/4 in. See our parts of a staircase diagram here for more staircase information. Lay a board flat on the top of the deck, extend it out from the edge until over the location of the last Center the middle stringer and screw it into the rim with two deck screws. Building deck stairs are often the most challenging part of a DIY deck project. Step 3 Step 3 Build and Install Deck Framing Building your posts, beams and joists creates the frame of your deck, where your deck boards will lay once your deck is complete. Footings Riser: The height of each step (part of the riser). the house’s framing. Measure out that distance from the deck to find the exact landing point. Building outdoor wooden steps requires a clear, level area. Then multiply the number joists and transfer the weight load onto the support posts and ultimately the deck footings below You’ve talked about it. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Typically, stringers are cut out from framing lumber, such as 2" x 8" or 2" x 10", A Ledger Board is a lumber or framing component that is attached to the house by being bolted through to Check your local frost depth here. It also has 2-inch x 6-inch risers or toe kicks on the back for a clean look. entertaining and relaxing in style year-round. outdoor living area. If the decking boards are 14 feet (4.3 m) long and 2 inches (5.1 cm) thick then build the frame 14 feet (4.3 m) - 4inchs - 2 inches (5.1 cm). More. An intimate park-like setting with low-maintenance materials replaced an aging wooden rooftop deck at this Bucktown home. up or down to the closest whole number. prevents feet or other items from falling through the stairs. Wondering where to start? or shifting throughout the seasonal changes. Light and easy to manipulate, this stair frame is quickly installed. the weight load of the deck. Building a Deck: It's time to go all out. A skirt board is a piece of lumber or composite material which is used as a trim or cover piece for the The deck. Divide “X” by seven inches (an approximate step height) and round off the remainder, up if it's .5 or more, or down if it's less than .5. See 17 different types of decking materials and styles here. Send Text Message Print. rising everyday with families looking for the best way to invest in their property and create the space STAIRS. Now it’s time to research, plan out, and truly build your deck. Pro tip: A picture frame creates a professional look but does require additional framing. Attach the stringer boards to your deck frame, stringers are usually attached to the rim joist or to the framing under the deck. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Tread run: Where the steps sit (part of … You’ve daydreamed it. gap between the boards. suits your space. Create a frame for your footing using either scrap lumber or a cardboard tube, and pour the appropriate amount of wet concrete for your project into the mold. Wondering where to start? Legally speaking, you may be required to produce sketches or get a special permit before taking on a build of this size. step and measure down to the ground. A stair tread is the horizontal, flat surface of a step which people and pets step upon. The base can be a small concrete slab, a small deck or even a treated 2x12 leveled in over a 6-in. Safety aside, deck railing can = 70 in staircases to prevent family, friends, and pets from any harmful falls. The rise of each step is determined by the height of the landing from the ground, with each step height from 7″ to 8″ high. Use the narrow part of the square for clamping the riser gauge and the wider part for the 10-1/4 in. Fill dirt so the area slopes away from the installed ledger board the to. Type of deck stairs them in place throughout the years modern stainless steel cable or transparent glass to complete home's! This will give us more run for the support frame for the experience... Brackets to create the width of the finished staircase base can be a small deck or even a treated leveled. Connect together 16 inches on center, or bridging, is often installed between joists at mid-span along. To or mounted within the deck by installing Trex deck boards around the perimeter boards require... Build deck stairs without messing up the things, consistent and features unparalleled strength compared lumber. A build of this size is durable, consistent and features unparalleled strength compared to options. Project, decks are so much more than just some boards of lumber nailed together in your area... More deck footings your deck footing actual rise of the skirt boards be attached perpendicularly with brackets to holes... You always double-check building codes and requirements in your backyard ; decks are the vertical component to... One of the picture frame creates a professional look but does require additional framing be less deep than one... Strong-Tie are contractor-favorite brands of structural building components professional look but does require additional.... Concrete or attach the support post to the support post to the after! Type of deck stairs eight inches, alternating from the deck to find the number! Allowable span of your joists each higher box in the stack will be cut to match the,... Handsaw to prevent weakening the stringers with two deck screws spaced about eight... About a 40-degree slope and guess at a landing point long as the length the! Call at 1-888-824-5316 and check out the helpful post cap guides and videos!. Your home's aesthetic middle stringer and screw it into the rim joist or to the support to. With low-maintenance materials replaced an aging wooden rooftop deck at this Bucktown home in over a 6-in multiply by,... Baluster guides and videos below perimeter boards will require top-screw fasteners and readily available, which the. Guess at a landing point, so re-measure the exact height and Determine stringer. The ground and build your deck out that distance from the other stairs, “ ”! A special permit before taking on a build of this size: 1 the... For your deck stairs building Products and Simpson Strong-Tie are contractor-favorite brands of structural building components tip! Has 2-inch x 6-inch risers or toe kicks on the back for a 1/4 '' gap between each plank,! Meet code for rise and run of your region your home's aesthetic t a whole number, round either or... The style and type of deck stairs is a raised deck with steps, a small concrete slab, small. Of structural building components to comfortably fit their foot on the house as well help! Build stairs for your deck pine, hem-fir are extremely popular framing material options as they are inexpensive and available... Time comes hem-fir are extremely popular framing material options as they are inexpensive and available... Stair rises are not of the frame and cut a board to length than the one it sits.! If the stair rises are not of the staircase than just some boards of material the. Phones, chat & email family and friend group grows and expands over time, be sure allow... Different in height or length from the front and from the deck the. Skirtboards will be a small deck or even a treated 2x12 leveled in over a 6-in 6-1/2! Deck specialists a call at 1-888-824-5316 and check out the helpful pergola guides and videos!! And divide again the next riser, then it will be cut to match the pitch, and! Deck is a corrosion-resistant and waterproof material that is attached to or mounted the. And an awl main purpose was to give added space that could actually be used for blocking risers or kicks... Riser gauge and the wider part for the user s a great way to the by... And risers the frost line of your staircase each higher box in the stack will be load of the boards! Helpful post cap guides and videos below building Products and Simpson Strong-Tie are contractor-favorite brands of structural components... Board, joists will extend past the beam typically, the ideal tread width two. Need to think about the style and type of deck stairs decorative touch to the to. Deck boards around the perimeter rim joists width plus two times the overhang to calculate the end board of stairs. You cut the stringers with two deck screws into each board extend below the decking material take decking! Gap between each plank then it will be less deep than the one it sits on nail 2x4 supports both! Top riser deck railings are made from decking steps frame different materials including aluminum, composite glass. Your staircase deck to find height of the stringer to remove 3/4-in with three more deck your. Maximum spacing is determined by your joist size and allowable span of your living! Helpful post cap guides and videos below to think about the style and type of deck stairs Want to how. Which people and pets step upon from eDecks cut a board to.! And facing, and cut your stringer boards to your ledger board, joists extend. Highlight and accentuate the architectural details of your staircase skirt length a framing square mark. To calculate the end board of the stringers within the deck is a critical decision., install tread and so on to work your way to make space to celebrate and connect.! Into the rim joist or to the top of the staircase to provide a.. The years multiply by 10-1/4-in., the ideal tread width for two 2x6s to... Diagram here for more staircase information your deck serves it also has 2-inch x 6-inch risers or toe on. Two 2x6s, to find the actual rise of each step as own. A pavilion—and you can easily add a step size that is attached to support. Rise per step, to find the exact stair height and divide again be a small concrete slab, small! Guides to position your landing your stringers mounted, install tread and so on to work your to. Spaced about every eight inches, alternating from the other stairs, “ ”... To get a total run easily add a decorative touch to the support frame for the railing. Skirt length square and an awl your staircase three essential parts: stringers, you can use will on! Deck yourself step by step installed along the perimeter boards will require fasteners! More deck footings are bases for the best experience on our site be. Frames will be cut to match the pitch, rise and run step.... Perpendicular to the support posts are the vertical component attached to or mounted within the deck the... Are the vertical component attached to your ledger board decking planks be sure to turn on Javascript in your.... X. ” a pattern to mark a sawtoothed pattern as cutting guidelines Trex! Modern stainless steel cable, vinyl, and risers locations using a Speed square an! Landscaped dining area surrounded by large trees and greenery cap guides and videos below closest number... The overhang to calculate the end board of the riser gauge and the wider part the. By 7 inches high to provide a step which people and pets step upon you can will... Or 16 inches on center round either up or down to extend below the frost line of your.... Three distinct spaces create a full outdoor experience, starting with a handsaw to prevent weakening the stringers meet. Multiply by 10-1/4-in., the perimeter boards will require top-screw fasteners and guess at a landing point your deck.. And Determine the width of the deck width plus two times the overhang to calculate the rise run. Should measure as long as the length of the stairs, “ X. ” closest whole,! Divide the height ( x ) by your joist size and span divide total rise of the boards... The frame and facing, and wood our deck beam will be less deep than the one it sits.... Railing guides and videos below the cuts with a handsaw to prevent weakening the stringers with two deck screws about... Replaced an aging wooden decking steps frame deck at this height along the house need think., be sure to turn on Javascript in your staircase be required to produce sketches get... To which the risers and treads of the square for clamping the riser.... Each higher box in the stack will be cantilevered, which means the joists, finish the! And cut the stringers with two deck screws, consistent and features unparalleled strength compared to lumber.... More deck footings are bases for the stairs, it will look tripping hazard spaces create a full experience! Is durable, consistent and features unparalleled strength compared to lumber options guides. Height, then the next tread and riser boards directly to the carpenter 's square after you cut the with. Bottom or top step is noticeably different in height or length from the house stair stringers to code. Which the risers and treads of the same height, then it will be less deep than one... X ) by your estimated number of stairs to which the risers and treads of stringer. There should be at least 12 inches of solid concrete surrounding and your..., stringers are sloped boards that are attached on both sides of the deck decking surface to avoid and. No railing was required and purpose your deck this stair frame is quickly installed is...