/Parent 2 0 R /Im3 82 0 R >> The fear is that it will do the same for human cells. About the fact sheet. /Contents 80 0 R 7 0 obj Mortality rates generally range from 70 to 100 percent. 1 0 obj /G9 23 0 R endobj /Title (Viral haemorrhagic disease of rabbits and human health) /GS0 47 0 R /CS0 /DeviceRGB /ML 4 /Creator (Acrobat 5.0 Paper Capture Plug-in for Windows) /TT19 55 0 R endobj >> /MediaBox [0 0 576 791.7594] << /Parent 2 0 R /CS1 /DeviceGray /XObject << << >> �j{��Xcw#n3SY^@�䅂o`s�ֵ�k��[@g��,�A>&�Rj{�0���6��&��X. %PDF-1.4 %���� /TT27 56 0 R 2, pp. The reflection paper should include information on: 122 • Their use in veterinary medicine; 123 • Their use in human medicine; Nature / Human Impact "Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing wonder and awe - - the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me." /odieresis /divide /oslash /ugrave /uacute /ucircumflex /udieresis /yacute /thorn /ydieresis] 12 0 obj /Type /Page /CS7 /DeviceGray 20 0 obj /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] Identification: The European rabbit is grayish brown with mixed black, brown and reddish hairs on its back, light brown to beige fur on its underside, a beige ring around its eyes, and long black-tipped ears. Over three-quarters of the State is inhabited by feral European rabbits. 9 0 obj As 16 rabbits eat as much as one sheep (Short,1985), this is equivalent to approximately 60 million sheep and the consequent loss of production. /TT7 71 0 R /GS1 48 0 R /dotlessi /lslash /oe /scaron /zcaron 160 /Euro 164 /currency 166 14 0 obj Addressing the problems of lead in petrol and some of the pesticides are examples of this type of intervention. /CS6 /DeviceRGB /Rotate 0 /LastModified (D:20040708200857) /GS0 47 0 R >> impact on animal and human health. /Type /XObject /Rotate 0 >> >> /X8 25 0 R We estimate that 150 000 deaths worldwide were caused by … /ColorSpace << 5 0 obj /Font << >> /G3 22 0 R Rabbits cause damage to the environment by: - Overgrazing on native and/or sown shrubs and plants. /Parent 2 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /GS6 47 0 R /ExtGState << /Thumb 81 0 R /ordmasculine 188 /onequarter /onehalf /threequarters 192 /Agrave /Aacute /Acircumflex /Atilde /MediaBox [0 0 576 791.7594] /TT1 57 0 R >> >> /CropBox [0 0 576.7196 792.2395] /Rotate 0 >> /Subtype /Type1 /CS0 /DeviceRGB /TT0 52 0 R 2 0 obj endobj >> >> /TT6 56 0 R <> /Parent 2 0 R 22 0 obj /igrave /iacute /icircumflex /idieresis /eth /ntilde /ograve /oacute /ocircumflex /otilde endobj >> /Type /Font /CC 101 0 R The European hare belongs to the family Leporidae, along with the rabbit. Europe (a bout 4500 farms producing) Public concerns: poor welfare, high stress, high mortality, no specific stunning methods No species-specific legislation protecting the welfare of … �� � } !1AQa"q2���#B��R��$3br� << /Im0 78 0 R /LastModified (D:20040708200856) /TT3 56 0 R 4 0 obj /ExtGState << /ZaDb 18 0 R endobj 17 0 R] /TT1 54 0 R /TT5 50 0 R stream /XObject << /Resources << The main welfare issue they experience is restricted movement. ��w��n��7���D���i����1� �ߝc� }�:m �+*�\�9`��9���������o�e�"��4��V��Fϛ'��oΏ6O��ߝE�tBO���Z}+q�l��ѿ:��l��ѿ:��l��ѿ:>�n� dP���F��9�dD� X�=9���JY��;W���d�+��-���}����?���X'�e{�+e\2� y�2�+�|���~ty�����3�(ϰ�,_1� �ߝc� }�:L� /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /Font << Economic Impact It would be difficult to exaggerate the economic and ecological impact of the rabbit prior to myxomatosis. /CS7 /DeviceGray Advantages of rabbit reproduction are the exact timing of fertilization and pregnancy stages, high cell numbers and yield in blastocysts, relatively late … In good seasons there may have been one billion rabbits. endobj << /XObject << Domestic rabbits as well as wild rabbits belong to the species Oryctolagus cuniculus (European rabbit), which is the only domesticated mammal of western European origin. /TT21 52 0 R /Im0 75 0 R << /Contents 46 0 R /florin /fraction /guilsinglleft /guilsinglright /minus /perthousand /quotedblbase /quotedblleft /quotedblright /quoteleft ���� JFIF �� � /SA true >> Rabbits prefer to live in areas with short grasses, including natural grasslands and rural pastures. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] /Differences [24 /breve /caron /circumflex /dotaccent /hungarumlaut /ogonek /ring /tilde 39 The male European hare is called a 'Jack' while the female is called a 'Jill'. Let’s sum up. >> >> /Metadata 3 0 R /Rotate 0 >> << /Contents 83 0 R /DA (/Helv 0 Tf 0 g ) /Type /Pages /Type /Page /MediaBox [0 0 576 791.7594] /TT2 53 0 R /FICL#3AEnfocus 5 0 R endobj /TT4 56 0 R /TT6 51 0 R 3 0 obj >> /LJ 0 5. /Im0 49 0 R /Filter /DCTDecode /DR << << They are grey brown in colour with a pale coloured underside. It conducted on E-coli and other bacteria and stated that the waves depressed their growth, changing properties, and activity of the cells. /Type /Page x�̒MK1���s�=4��c�ۢ���A^��$cA0/b�����('+D$ N�$ /Contents 73 0 R >> /GS0 47 0 R >> >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] /BM /Normal <> Some viral strains also affect hares and cottontail rabbits. endobj endobj /TT24 55 0 R /Resources << /Type /Page /TT22 57 0 R /Contents 76 0 R Male hares are generally smaller than females. /F4 27 0 R >> 25 0 obj /Type /Encoding HEALTH BEHAVIOR - HEALTH STATUS - EDUCATIONAL STATUS - RISK FACTORS - SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS - REVIEW LITERATURE Suggested citation Suhrcke M, de Paz Nieves C (2011). /TT33 71 0 R endobj /ca 1 << /Producer (PDFlib PLOP 2.1.0p1 \(SunOS\)/Acrobat 4.05 Import Plug-in for Windows) /Thumb 99 0 R This blogpost will make a very brief overview of the role of the European Convention on Human Rights in assessment of this crisis. Livestock industries suffer most direct economic loss at present, but grain and horticultural crops, forestry and carbon plantings can all be affected. /TT26 53 0 R >> /Type /Page /TT0 52 0 R >> /XObject << /Contents 93 0 R >> Mammal Biol 68:224–234 CrossRef Google Scholar Palomares F (2003b) Warren building by European rabbits ( Oryctolagus cuniculus ) … >> /Fields [] /MediaBox [0 0 576 791.7594] /ModDate (D:20060328204747+01'00') /Contents 86 0 R /PitStop 21 0 R 5 0 obj /Rotate 0 The rabbit’s rate of spread in Australia was the fastest of any colonising mammal anywhere in the world. /ExtGState << /TT27 50 0 R /Length 770 /Resources << /Kids [7 0 R 8 0 R 9 0 R 10 0 R 11 0 R 12 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R 15 0 R 16 0 R /Annots [100 0 R] /Rotate 0 �� � w !1AQaq"2�B���� #3R�br� 3 0 obj >> /Font << Rabbits are at risk of being wiped out by Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease Virus, or RHDV. 11 0 obj /quoteright /quotesinglbase /trademark /fi /fl /Lslash /OE /Scaron /Ydieresis /Zcaron /ExtGState << >> Tiamulin was approved for use in veterinary medicine in 1979, followed by valnemulin in 1999.3 Retapamulin was the first pleuromutilin approved for topical use for humans, in 2007.4 A pleuromutilin for systemic use in humans, BC-3781, is currently und… >> /Font << 121 . /TT3 51 0 R Leverets are born with hair and their eyes open and are able to move about soon after birth. %PDF-1.4 << >> /Type /Page /TT35 54 0 R The fifth generation of telecommunications technologies, 5G, is fundamental to achieving a European gigabit society by 2025. endobj /Type /Page endobj endobj /XObject <> /Width 50 /GS7 48 0 R >> /Subtype /Image /acircumflex /atilde /adieresis /aring /ae /ccedilla /egrave /eacute /ecircumflex /edieresis It has been estimated that at the turn of the last century the direct cost of rabbits to Australia, due to lost beef, lamb and wool production and expenditure on control measures, was $206 m… >> /ColorSpace << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] >> >> /GS6 47 0 R /LastModified (D:20040708200857) It is not only the cost of lives lost, but also the cost of years lived with a disability, of lost days of work or school, of chronic diseases to cure. /TT25 57 0 R /Font << /ExtGState << The impact of health and health behaviours on educational outcomes in high-income countries: a review of the evidence. FERAL EUROPEAN RABBIT (ORYCTOLAGUS CUNICULUS) The feral European rabbit is one of the most widely distributed and abundant mammals in Australia. /TT5 79 0 R >> << /TT2 54 0 R /ExtGState << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] Does climate change affect human health? /TT34 57 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] << /TT23 79 0 R >> >> %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2004-07-08T21:04:04+05:30 Hazardous waste: its impact on human health in Europe Toxicol Ind Health. >> /TT0 52 0 R /Encoding 20 0 R /Font << /rgid (PB:13460519_AS:97421258395672@1400238447011) endobj The disease can live on the ground for many days and can be passed to other rabbits who pass by. /Parent 2 0 R /TT7 51 0 R /Resources << >> >> /GS1 48 0 R /ColorSpace << 10 0 obj Mar-Jun 1997;13(2-3):109-19. doi: 10.1177/074823379701300202. The Council of Europe, via its Standing Committee of the European Convention for the Protection of /CropBox [0 0 576 791.7594] /F7 30 0 R /Im0 92 0 R /Parent 2 0 R >> - Increasing and spreading the amount of invasive weeds which overtake crops. һ�}���g{��qD�>%�} i�q��Ag- 7k�A�ZCZ�-4[�����r�~��c���\V���P�`5�P�:(� D���E-�F�U�6�ɰ��Bm�נ���:�l��Ű�bT��M�y�T�&�Yl�mlS�����o������|��ar�$��؇�ׇ����N[��I��:I>�-L�q�f����w�MH�p*K��V�O�e4(�e�m�˲7���ʁ*V�2[�n� � ��ĕϊ�0��>E��A�L��z�Ճ��]QحP�A�~�IJ�q���L�Ώo�M^C�KhB��+�k%���l\�1����+[09TďSe��p�`��BGu�k1[Tus�S�~s�Y�� >> /ColorSpace << << /Adieresis /Aring /AE /Ccedilla /Egrave /Eacute /Ecircumflex /Edieresis /Igrave /Iacute /CropBox [0 0 576 791.7594] endobj >> /MediaBox [0 0 576 791.7594] >> 16 0 obj 2004-07-08T21:04:04+05:30 (1#%(:3=<9387@H\N@DWE78PmQW_bghg>Mqypdx\egc�� C//cB8Bcccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc�� ��" �� /Font << >> 41 0 R 42 0 R 43 0 R 44 0 R 45 0 R] 8 0 obj /TT2 50 0 R The feral European rabbit is one of the most widely distributed and abundant mammals in Australia. There is considerable literature on the effects of climate change on O3 but fewer studies on the effects of climate change on PM concentrations. /TT5 54 0 R 4 0 obj /ColorSpace << /LastModified (D:20040708200856) /Font << /Parent 2 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 594.95996 840.95996] /PDFDocEncoding 20 0 R Though there are plenty of studies on the potential impacts of 5G on human health, they are not clear-cut. >> These long-term effects will clearly be a subject of numerous dissertations, articles and monographs. 17 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 580.5593 794.1599] endobj /BaseFont /ZapfDingbats /Im3 70 0 R 18 0 obj /degree /plusminus /twosuperior /threesuperior /acute /mu 183 /periodcentered /cedilla /onesuperior /ExtGState << >> /TT27 52 0 R /Subject (Epidemiology and Infection) endobj << 2004-07-08T21:04:18+05:30 /MediaBox [0 0 576 791.7594] /GS6 47 0 R The impact of rabbits (in combination with kangaroos) in rangeland national parks have resulted in native plants and animals being in poor condition with little chance of regeneration. European rabbits are Australia’s most widespread and destructive environmental and agricultural vertebrate pest. /TT5 57 0 R >> /GS7 48 0 R /Resources << More and more species are becoming extinct every day. /Rotate 0 Palomares F (2003a) The negative impact of heavy rains on the abundance of a Mediterranean population of European rabbits. /Im0 85 0 R <> Offspring under one year are referred to as 'leverets'. E�Yf"�+}��Zc�p,N�d�:�6�F��ѽ�n��κ�gK��t:��9Kl/�U�`�2CNK ���v� �� ��S /LastModified (D:20040708200856) /LastModified (D:20040708200857) endobj /Helv 19 0 R impacts and adaptation in Europe in the 2010-2100 horizon in the key impact areas (agriculture, human health, forestry, river floods, energy, transport, tourism, and other areas). endobj /Font << /LastModified (D:20040708200856) 21 0 obj /GS4 47 0 R Each year, the approximate overall cost caused by rabbits was estimated to be $206 million. /LastModified (D:20040708200856) << /Resources << /TT0 52 0 R << /Annots [31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R 34 0 R 35 0 R 36 0 R 37 0 R 38 0 R 39 0 R 40 0 R Local populations, used in traditional backyard farming, are not surveyed and are currently disappearing. /BM /Normal /Thumb 74 0 R /CA 1 /CropBox [0 0 577.4392 792.7196] /Font << /Contents 68 0 R stream /Font <> /Parent 2 0 R /Length 764 221-227. /CS1 /DeviceGray VHD of rabbits and human health 411 [ VHD human testing protocol I Competitive EIA I equivocal \ -/ Report negative i [ Report indeterminate Report positive 4] I Fig. There is an economic cost of the impact of a polluted environment on health. Climate change affects public health in many different ways. >> /ColorSpace << endobj /Contents [97 0 R 98 0 R] /Im0 67 0 R << /CropBox [0 0 578.1599 793.4392] /TT28 56 0 R >> It ... Impact Feral rabbits compete with native wildlife, damage vegetation and degrade the land. This crisis will undoubtably have a significant impact on how we live, travel and perceive our governments. >> /Contents 90 0 R >> /F6 29 0 R >> >> /Parent 2 0 R /TT2 57 0 R Human activity and an ever-increasing population have already devastated much of our planet. endobj /TT6 56 0 R /TT18 50 0 R 15 0 obj >> /LW 1 endobj /TT23 54 0 R /PageMode /UseNone /XObject << /CS7 /DeviceGray /Subtype /XML /Thumb 77 0 R /GS1 48 0 R /TT29 51 0 R /TT0 52 0 R /TT7 57 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /TT2 52 0 R There are direct and indirect impacts, as well as those that occur immediately and those that occur over a longer period of time. << This is a highly infectious and lethal form of viral hepatitis that affects European rabbits. /Thumb 87 0 R >> /TT32 55 0 R The problem is that it may take very long time before we have enough data to prove the harmfulness and meanwhile the chemicals have spread. /TT14 53 0 R Climate change will affect individuals with pre-existing respiratory disease, but the extent of the effect remains unclear. >> 6 0 obj /Type /Page /XObject << >> I try to put as much of the rabbits’ days into their own hands—or paws—as I can. /CS0 /DeviceRGB /ExtGState << /Encoding << /Thumb 94 0 R There are several variables in determining the direct impact of rabbits on primary production, such as the distribution and density of rabbits, and the type, level and value of production. /Type /Page $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? /Font << /Rotate 0 The findings are part of a comprehensive comparison of the different rabbit housing systems used in the EU. 24 0 obj ""$$6*&&*6>424>LDDL_Z_||� /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] /CS4 /DeviceRGB >> stream /TT1 55 0 R >> 1. >> /LastModified (D:20040708200856) /Resources << /ColorSpace << /TT25 72 0 R /ca .2 /Resources << /TT3 55 0 R /TT6 79 0 R Most of the past efforts have focused on single substances that were deemed harmful. /GS1 48 0 R According to Arnold (1994), the present establishment of rabbit breeds is extremely recent: unlike other … It causes severe damage to the natural environment and to agriculture. The European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is an introduced species, which was first brought to Australia with the First Fleet in 1788 as domesticated livestock. /TT24 71 0 R /GS5 48 0 R /Oslash /Ugrave /Uacute /Ucircumflex /Udieresis /Yacute /Thorn /germandbls /agrave /aacute /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB Gone forever. Climate-induced human mobility has a socioeconomic cost and can affect mental and physical health. /CropBox [0 0 579.8396 794.1599] European Rabbits have a body length between 34 and 50 cms (13.5 - 20 inches), a tail length between 4 and 8 cms (1.6 - 3.25 inches) and they weigh between 1 and 2.5 kgs (2.25 - 5.5 lbs). /Im2 95 0 R /Font << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] >> 19 0 obj /StructParents 0 /XObject << VHD human testing protocol 34, No. The aim to cover all urban areas, railways and major roads with uninterrupted fifth generation wireless communication can only be achieved by creating a very dense network of antennas and transmitters. 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