Smooth Cordgrass - Spartina alterniflora is the Most Recognizable Tall Grass found in Wetlands. It is the natural environment in which an organism lives, or the physical environment that surrounds a species population. Species n... Name of animal-plant: Horse conch Aristida chaseae – (HABITAT-upland) See facts, Fragrant fritillary – (HABITAT-upland) See facts, Lundell’s whitlow-wort – (HABITAT-upland) See facts, Robust spineflower – (HABITAT-upland) See facts, « Dwarf spikerush – (HABITAT-wetland) See facts, Gulf salt marsh snake – (HERP-snake) See facts », California seablite – (HABITAT-wetland) See facts, Great-tailed grackle – (BIRD-passerine) See facts, Horse conch – (INVERT-gastropod) See facts. Spartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass) in the Coos Estuary Forms monoculture stands that overtake native plant communities. This is of huge importance today. Green in spring and summer, turns light brown in late fall and winter. Talking “Birds” and Bees, Except Just Birds at Wild Birds Unlimited!! This grass has the scientific name Spartina alterniflora. In addition to S. alterniflora, Spartina … Among invasive species, aquatic plants pose serious threats to local biodiversity and ecosystem functions. A habitat is an ecological or environmental area that is inhabited by a particular species of animal, plant, or other type of organism. It is unique to other plants around due to the fact it has a very thick waxy cuticle which protects it from the outer environment and that it has glands on its stems which excrete salt ions from the water it takes in. The first part of the name identifies the genus to which the species belongs and  the second part identifies the species within the genus. Spartina alterniflora. Native. ( Log Out /  Species name: Lari... Would you like to help us out? Using photosynthesis it is constantly producing energy which then get transferred to the rest of the ecosystem. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. They are well adapted physiologically to tolerate saline conditions with special salt … Due to development along our waterways, these habitats are being altered and in many cases this affects the growth of this grass. Smooth cord grass is a medium-large saltwater-loving is frequently found growing in tidal flats, salt marshes, and beaches nearly throughout Florida (Wunderlin, 2003). Pick up order or have shipped to you. Rhizosphere oxidation by S. alterniflora, however, is not evident in seedlings and small colonizing patches and both seedlings and small colonizing patches of S. alterniflora are stunted in anoxic low marsh substrates. [Google Scholar] Somers G. F., Grant D. (1981). Habitat: Saltmarshes. Spartina alterniflora commonly known as smooth cord grass is a species that inhabits marsh habitat in its native range, where introduced It is known to establish itself in wave-protected mud and sand flats and grow very quickly into dense impenetrable stands. Would you like to help us out? Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Spartina pectinata: leaves prominently scabrous and rhizome light brown to purple-brown when fresh (vs. S. alterniflora, with leaves smooth or slightly scabrous along apical margins and … Its roots are a favorite food of snow geese. Name of animal-plant: Gray whale Spartina alterniflora Loisel. It was introduced in 1973 by the Army Corps of Engineers in an attempt to reclaim marshland, and was spread and replanted around the … For a current distribution map, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Website. We need more contributors, we need articles to our myths section!, you can mail your originalwork to helpout@whykids.org We will credit the article with your name! Most of the very species which fuel our local seafood economy are dependent upon these salt marsh habitats, and without this grass there is no marsh (since the definition of a marsh is a flooded grassland). The newcomer originated in North America and because it was first found in Southampton Water it was assumed it had been introduced via shipping. Species. This allows these organisms to grow up in a safe and plentiful environment. Long ago there was but one species of Spartina in the UK. Species name: Pleu... Name of animal-plant: Silver drum Smooth Cord-grass, also known as oyster grass or saltwater cordgrass, is most recognizable as the tall grass found in wetlands. Then, in the 1820s someone discovered another species of Spartina called Spartina alterniflora. Spartina alterniflora is native to the eastern coast of North America. It blooms from summer to fall and occurs almost always (estimated probability 99%) under natural conditions in wetlands. Red-headed Woodpeckers out for the Bird Count, Follow Jay's Nature Blog on WordPress.com. May be submerged at high tide. Spartina species are perennial, deep-rooted (30 cm), rhizomatous, sward-forming erect grasses that mostly occupy low- to midtidal mudflats. Larval food for Louisiana eyed silkmoth (Automeris louisiana)Native Habitats: Salt marsh, tidal flats, beaches. Along with its energy production, this grass also provides a safe haven for many larval organisms. Size "Short" form grows to 2 feet tall; "tall" form grows to 7 feet tall Habitat. Species name: Spartina alterniflora. A shorter form, 6 to 12 inches high, occurs in low-oxygen areas of the high marsh. This plant is a grass species commonly called Smooth Cordgrass, or Spartina grass. Populations of S. alterniflora also exist in Grays Harbor. Species name: Eschr... Name of animal-plant: California seablite Hortus Northwest 6, 9–12, 38-40. This grass, many will argue, is probably the most important grass here in the Lowcountry (Don’t tell the people in the suburbs who spend tons of time and money keeping their lawns green and healthy with non-native, highly inbred grasses from all over the world). Images from the web. When introduced this species can have a negative effect on native species including some endangered. Fast, early growth shades out native... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 76c722-ZGJkN It is widely distributed along the Atlantic coast from Nova Scotia to Florida and extending to the Gulf of Mexico from Florida to Texas. We measured an array of biophysical and spectral variables to evaluate the response and recovery of Spartina alterniflora to a sudden dieback event in spring and summer 2004 within a low marsh in coastal Virginia, USA. Smooth cordgrass will tolerate regular inundations with 0 to 35 parts per thousand salinity. The species name consists of two words and is based on Latin. and … The invasion of Spartina alterniflora is significant because of the rapid evolutionary process involved and the growing recognition of the biodiversity values of estuarine areas. It is unique to other plants around due to the fact it has a very thick waxy cuticle which protects it from the outer environment and that it has glands on its stems which excrete salt ions from the water it takes in. Grows 3 to 7 feet high. This is not the variety that would grow in/on the water, though it is salt tolerant and normally can sustain salt water inundation 3-4 times per year (rather than daily as is the case with Spartina Alterniflora). Grows between the low- and high-tide marks in salt and brackish marshes, forming dense colonies that usually parallel the shoreline. Species na... Name of animal-plant: Great-tailed grackle Due to the lack of competition and vast resources in the marsh habitat, this grass is able to grow in high quantities and take over anywhere they can become established. Change ). It has been reported that the invasion of Spartina alterniflora changed the soil microbial community in the mangrove ecosystem in China, especially the bacterial community, although the response of soil fungal communities and soil microbial ecological functions to the invasion of Spartina alterniflora remains unclear. If we ever need Spartina Patens (high marsh grass), they have thousands of plugs ($.35 per plug) and lots of seed. This bacteria and fungi becomes suspended in the water column, which acts as a food source for a vast number of organisms, especially filter-feeders such as oysters, clams, and other invertebrates. , in the Lowcountry of South Carolina growing in this animals case it is the primary producer of the! Scientific name Spartina alterniflora ( smooth cordgrass, marsh grass to 7 feet tall Habitat its energy production this... Under natural conditions in wetlands state Change European species protected by Directives, Conventions and.! Plants spartina alterniflora interesting facts given a species name based on a technical term in biological taxnomy low- to mudflats. Component has very limited information about this species can have a spartina alterniflora interesting facts effect native! Pose serious threats to local biodiversity and ecosystem functions to live in wide! 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