Pangu is worshiped at a number of shrines in contemporary China, usually with Taoist symbols, such as the Bagua. His skull formed the top of the sky, his hair formed all flowers and plants, his bones turned to jade and pearl and his arms and legs the four directions. Pan Gu felt it was quite uncomfortable staying in this dim and breathless surrounding, so he grasped an ax next to him, and broke the eggshell. 1 However, the etymology of several Chinese characters discount the legends of Pan Gu and Nü Wa, revealing a creation account which parallels the Bible. Long, long ago—not in a land before time, but a time before land—there was nothing in the universe except an enormous egg-shaped entity. In it, King Zhao of Chu asked Guanshefu (觀射父) a question: "What did the ancient classic "Zhou Shu" mean by the sentence that Zhong and Li caused the heaven and earth to disconnect from each other?" Both have helped people to cope with the mystery of creation. The two got married afterwards, and a mass of flesh in the shape of a whetstone was born. Pan Gu sacrificed his life to create the world and his body to enrich and beautify it. Pangu is an important figure to a number of minority ethnic groups in China, and each has their own oral version of his creation myth. In the beginning, there was nothing and the universe was in a nondual, featureless, formless primordial state. According to the Christian Biblical Account, taken from the first Chapter of the Book of Genesis, the earth and life were created in 7 days. But over time, the interactions between various substances and energies eventually conceived a being—a shaggy, horned giant named Pan Gu. Inside the “egg,” the opposite forces of yin and yang were all scrambled; it was a complete mess. With each passing day, the sky rose 10 feet further above him, the Earth thickened 10 feet below him, and Pan Gu himself grew 10 feet just to keep up with the growing expanse and hold on. When the earth had thus been shaped from the body of P'an-Ku, we are told that three great rivers successively governed the world: first the celestial, then the terrestrial, and finally the human sovereign. Slowly, yin and yang began to separate. Pangu is a prominent figure in Chinese creation mythology. Pangu inside the cosmic egg symbolizes Taiji. Inside the “egg,” the opposite forces of yin and yang were all scrambled; it was a complete mess. The Egregious Egg. The egg split into two with a thunderous crack. This day became an important traditional Buyei holiday for ancestral worship. This legend of creation is one of the main characteristics that distinguishes the Buyei from the Zhuang. Senior Scholar Wei Juxian states that the Pangu story is derived from stories during the Western Zhou Dynasty. Once upon a time, the whole world was like a giant egg, all dark and blurry. For the iOS jailbreaking tool, see, I. Robinet, Paula A. Wissing : Everything was in chaos. Now the skies are graced with luminous celestial bodies, the Earth, contoured by great mountains and rivers and flora and fauna galore. In it, King Zhao of Chuasked Guanshefu (觀射父) a question: "What did the ancient classic "Zhou Shu" mean by the sentence that Zhong and Li caused the … One creation myth is commonly acknowledged by Chinese people- Pan Gu created the world and Nu Wa produced human beings. Regarding Creation Although there are a great number of creation myths that are propagated by people of Chinese descent, virtually all of them acknowledge Pan Gu. According to Chinese folklore, the heavens and earth were created by a giant named Pan Gu. One eye became the sun and the other the moon. The story tells that in the beginning the universe was just chaos in an egg-shaped cloud. Xinheng's stepmother treated him badly and almost killed him. According to the myth, Pan Gu is a giant who created the earth’s natural environment and separated heaven from the earth; in After 18 thousand years Pan Gu woke from a long sleep. It was a lonely and strenuous job. After Pan Gu formed the Universe, the primitive Earth was full of endless mud, upon which roamed depressingly dumb animals. Three main views describe the origin of the Pangu myth. He cites the story of Zhong (重) and Li (黎) in the "Chuyu" section of the ancient classics Guoyu. In the beginning, the heavens and earth were still one and all was chaos. With each day, the sky grew ten feet (3 meters) higher, the earth ten feet thicker, and Pangu ten feet taller. In some versions of the story, Pangu is aided in this task by the four most prominent beasts, namely the Turtle, the Qilin, the Phoenix, and the Dragon. The couple were named 'Pan' and 'Gou' in the Zhuang ethnic language, which stand for whetstone and gourd respectively. Now the skies are graced with luminous celestial bodies, the Earth, contoured by great mountains and rivers and flora and fauna galore. Pan Gu – Chinese Creation stiry. And Pan Gu, the giant-god who came out of an egg, is nowhere, yet everywhere to be found. Within it, the perfectly opposed principles of yin and yang became balanced and Pangu emerged (or woke up) from the egg. This toil, the conscientious giant endured for another six million five hundred and seventy thousand days, or another 18,000 years, until he was certain that the realms were finally stabilized. He strained his ears, but heard only unnerving silence. After the 18,000 years had elapsed, Pangu died. To keep them separated, Pangu stood between them and pushed up the sky. To this day, the Zhuang people sing a traditional song about Pangu creating the Heaven and Earth. ... Pan Gu. Flustered, Pan Gu conjured a magical ax and landed upon the egg a mighty chop. sons. Pan Gu – Chinese Creation, Hanasaka Jiisan – Man Who Made Trees Blossom, Shita-kiri Suzume – The Tongue-Cut Sparrow. The Pan Gu story has become firmly fixed in Chinese tradition. China has a rich, ancient, complex history. Pan Gu has been growing and nurturing inside, and 18,000 years later, he woke up. This is how Professor Qin Naichang, head of the Guangxi Institute for Nationality Studies, [4] reconstructs the true creation myth preceding the myth of Pangu. Inside of this cloud the was the giant called Pan Gu that was created from the chaos. Among his acts of creation were the separation of the earth and sky, the placement of the stars and planets in the heavens, and the shaping of the earth's surface. One day, he suddenly awoke. When Xinheng threatened to destroy her rice harvest, she realized her mistake. It has been said to me in "pidgin" English that "he is all the same your Adam"; and in Taoist picture books I have seen him as a shaggy, dwarfish, Hercules, developing from a bear rather than an ape, and wielding an immense hammer and chisel with which he is breaking the chaotic rocks. Some say that Pan Gu’s spirit never ceased but turned into humans, which accounts for the ancient Chinese belief that humans are the soul of all matter. In all versions of the myth, Pangu and the universe are described as emerging from an egg; there are discrepancies, however, as to how Pangu manages to free himself and … Also known as P’an Ku or Pangu, he is given the title as the god of creation and the first man. P'an-Gu is written in two ways: one means in literal translations, "basin ancient", the other "basin solid". He cites the story of Zhong (重) and Li (黎) in the "Chuyu" section of the ancient classics Guoyu. Regarding Creation Although there are a great number of creation myths that are propagated by people of Chinese descent, virtually all of them acknowledge Pan Gu. There are several creation myths common in China. According to Buyei mythology, after Pangu became an expert in rice farming after creating the world, he married the daughter of the Dragon King, and their union gave rise to the Buyei people. They were followed by Yung-Ch'eng and Sui-Jen (i.e., fire-man) the later being the Chinese Prometheus, who brought the fire down from heaven and taught man its various uses. All parts of Pan Gu’s body turned into the origin of all things in the world. Pan Gu found his dreary surroundings highly disturbing. The name, which by an ingenious afterthought is explained as "the fore thinker," is originally the Sanskrit pramantha and means "twirler" or "fire-stick," being the rod of hard wood which produced fire by rapid rotation in a piece of soft wood. Read Later. P'an-Gu: The basic idea of the yih philosophy was so convincing that it almost obliterated the Taoist cosmology of P'an-Ku who is said to have chiseled the world out of the rocks of eternity. Everything dark and heavy sank down to form the Earth. Though the legend is not held in high honor by the literati, it contains some features of interest which have not as yet been pointed out and deserve at least an incidental comment. The Egregious Egg. His breath became the wind, mist and clouds; his voice, thunder; his left eye, the Sun; his right eye, the Moon; his head, the mountains and extremes of the world; his blood, rivers; his muscles, fertile land; his facial hair, the stars and Milky Way; his fur, bushes and forests; his bones, valuable minerals; his bone marrow, precious jewels; his sweat, rain; and the fleas on his fur carried by the wind became animals. The egg split into two with a thunderous crack. For 18,000 years he developed and slept in the egg. Slowly, yin and yang began to separate. The universe itself resembled a large black egg; Pan Gu was encased inside. Pangu (simplified Chinese: 盘古; traditional Chinese: 盤古; pinyin: Pángǔ; Wade–Giles: P'an-ku) is a primordial being and creation figure in Chinese mythology who separated heaven and earth and became geographic features such as mountains and rivers. Illustrations of P'an-Ku represent him in the company of supernatural animals that symbolize old age or immortality, viz., the tortoise and the crane; sometimes also the dragon, the emblem of power, and the phoenix, the emblem of bliss. Those that due generally state that Pan Gu was the first being and that all existence in the universe especially the earth and the heavens is comprised of this being. A single God, who is referred as God, created the heavens, earth and light. Slowly, yin and yang began to separate. Name: Alex BrasilFDHUM110Creation Story from ChinaPan Gu and Nu WaThis Chinese story about creation is a kind of Chinese mythology about how creationoccurred. All the matter of the universe swirled chaotically in that egg. creating the world was replaced by Pan Gu’s creation of the . Many believe it originated with Xu Zheng, a Chinese author from the 3 rd century AD, as he was the first writer known to record it; … The legend of Pan Gu separating the heavens and earth, which was first recorded in a document dating back to the Three Kingdoms period (220 AD – 280AD), is as follows: Pan Gu and Nü Wa Long, long ago, when heaven and earth were still one, the entire universe was contained in an egg-shaped cloud. Stifling her yawns, Nu Gua decided to liven things up a bit by creating an exciting new species. [2] Pangu is usually depicted as a primitive, hairy giant who has horns on his head. Pangu and the Chinese Creation Story. In Chinese mythology, Pan Gu was the first living creature and the creator of the world. And the rest, light and clear, drifted up to form the heavens. Creation myth, philosophical and theological elaboration of the primal myth of creation within a religious community. Chinese legend speaks of Pan Gu, who separated the heaven and earth from one another, and Nü Wa, who populated the earth with humans. Print. For 18,000 years, Pan Gu (pan goo) slept and grew. The Place and Meaning of the Notion of Taiji in Taoist Sources Prior to the Ming Dynasty, History of Religions Vol. world, and the status of Gaia was al so replaced by her own . In their conversation, they discuss a "disconnection" between heaven and earth. The Pangu King Temple built in 1809 is located in Guangdong Province, northwest Huadu District (west of G106 / north of S118), north of Shiling Town at the foot of the Pangu King Mountain. But Pan Gu was anxious that the halves would close up again, and so he stood between the two halves to keep them apart. Pangu and the Chinese Creation Story Pangu is a prominent figure in Chinese creation mythology. Recently his name was found in a tomb dated 156AD.[1]. Derk Bodde linked the myth to the ancestral mythologies of the Miao people and Yao people in southern China.[3]. At the beginning of time, the universe consisted only of dark chaos, in the form of a cosmic egg. According to Chinese mythology, Pan Gu is pictured as a man-sized a dwarf, adorned with horns and tusks, an… Pan gu, the creator of the universe chinese myth of creation . Those that due generally state that Pan Gu was the first being and that all existence in the universe especially the earth and the heavens is comprised of this being. 29, No. In China the creation story is one of the God, Pan Gu. We cannot deny that the myth must have been known also in Mesopotamia, the main center of civilization between India and Greece, and it becomes probable that the figure Sui-Jen has been derived from the same prototype as the Greek Prometheus.[5]. There are many variations of these myths.[7]. The missionary and translator James Legge discusses Pangu: P'an-ku is spoken of by the common people as "the first man, who opened up heaven and earth." Pangu began creating the world: he separated yin from yang with a swing of his giant axe, creating the earth (murky yin) and the sky (clear yang). At the beginning of time, chaos ruled. The first writer to record the myth of Pangu was Xu Zheng during the Three Kingdoms period. 4 (May 1990), pp. While there are many Chinese wondrous deities, there’s none but one Chinese god portrayed to create the earth but Pan Gu. Everything dark and heavy sank down to form the Earth. The egg split into two with a thunderous crack. Then with a great crash, Pan Gu lay down and died. All the matter of the universe swirled chaotically in that egg. When Xinheng disrespected his mother, she returned to heaven and never came down, despite the repeated pleas of her husband and son. He opened his eyes, but saw only pitch-blackness. The first traceable written record of the myth of Pan Gu was made during the period called the ‘The Three Kingdoms’ in China (220 to 280 AD), by Xu Zheng, who was a Taoist writer famous for ‘Three Five Historic Records’ and ‘Biographies of Spirits and Immortals’. Long, long ago—not in a land before time, but a time before land—there was nothing in the universe except an enormous egg-shaped entity. There is even an idiom relating to it: "Since Pan Gu created earth and the heavens," meaning "for a very long time." Creator of the World — Pan Gu . But over time, the interactions between various substances and energies eventually conceived a being—a … The creation of the universe is one of the most classic Chinese legends. King Mu's reign is much earlier and dates to about 1001 to 946 BC. Pan Gu sacrificed his life to create the world and his body to enrich and beautify it. This primordial state coalesced into a cosmic egg for about 18,000 years. The heavens and the earth had not yet separated. [6], The Pangu myth appears to have been preceded in ancient Chinese literature by the existence of Shangdi or Taiyi (of the Taiyi Shengshui). He is as well a central figure for the Taoist teaching (The way which famously recognized with Yin and Yang). The first is that the story is indigenous and was developed or transmitted through time to Xu Zheng. Flustered, Pan Gu conjured a magical ax and landed upon the egg a mighty chop. This task took yet another 18,000 years. Pangu was forced to remarry and eventually died on the sixth day of the sixth month of the lunar calendar. Pan Gu – Chinese Creation Story. To this day, the Zhuang people sing a traditional song about Pangu creating the Heaven and Earth. 373-411, Learn how and when to remove this template message, nondual, featureless, formless primordial state, http://arabic.china.org.cn/english/culture/82342.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pangu&oldid=998004069, Articles needing additional references from February 2007, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 08:26. He slept for 18,000 years. Deep within the swirling matter was Pan Gu, a huge giant who grew in the chaos. As the weary Pan Gu collapsed, a miraculous transformation took place: his final breath turned into winds and clouds; his voice into rumbling thunder; his left eye blazed into the sun and right eye gleamed into the moon; his hair and beard became stars of the Milky Way; his limbs and hands and feet transformed into great mountains and the blood running through his veins into flowing rivers; his flesh converted into fertile farmlands, his bones turned to precious gems and minerals; his teeth and nails became lustrous metals; the hairs on his skin burgeoned into lush vegetation; and the sweat from his extended labors fell as rainwater for the mortal world. Note that it is not actually a creation myth: A brother and his sister became the only survivors of the prehistoric Deluge by crouching in a gourd that floated on water. [8] The Huadu District is located north of Guangzhou to the west of the Baiyun International Airport. Myths of creation refer to the process through which the world is centered and given a definite form within the whole of reality. She made peace with him and they went on to pay their respects to Pangu annually on the sixth day of the sixth month of the lunar calendar. The first is that the story is indigenous and was developed or transmitted through time to Xu Zheng. The Chinese legend tells us that P'an-Ku's bones changed to rocks; his flesh to earth; his marrow, teeth and nails to metals; his hair to herbs and trees; his veins to rivers; his breath to wind; and his four limbs became pillars marking the four corners of the world, — which is a Chinese version not only of the Norse myth of the Giant Ymir, but also of the Babylonian story of Tiamat. As a nation values morality highly, China, seldom add . Pan Gu found his dreary surroundings highly disturbing. Creation/Creator is an oratorio for soprano, mezzo-soprano, tenor, baritone, bass, chorus, and orchestra by the American composer Christopher Theofanidis.The work was commissioned by the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and was first performed on April 23, 2015 by the soprano Jessica Rivera, mezzo-soprano Kelley O'Connor, tenor Thomas Cooley, baritone Nmon Ford, bass Evan Boyer, the actors … Another creation myth that is really contrary to the Christian one also applies the concept of a supreme being. When he awoke, he used a broad ax to crack the egg … The origin of the Pangu myth has been much debated. Obviously the name means "aboriginal abyss," or in the terser German, Urgrund, and we have reason to believe it to be a translation of the Babylonian Tiamat, "the Deep.". 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